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Tania Li

10/8/2012 7:37:00 AM LECTURE 2 ANT207 - we have customs and habits of what is the norm. What to wear, and normal social arrangement. - most social action has a deliberate communicative event. Actions make a statement and a social/cultural aspect - to understand what went on we need to know what is the “norm” in the circumstance (there may be a diversity of the norm- there is not only 1), must read body language. - A person is a product of social/cultural forces ie socialization and desire to communicate certain things. - social/cultural anthropology is scientific: think about hypothesis systematically and you are curious/investigative, open to new surprises, be prepared to question diff people and contexts. INQUIRE DRIVEN, WANTS TO KNOW ABOUT DATA/EVIDENCE (not the absolute truth- but the info we can come up with given the resources we have) Film off the varanda Teacher: fieldwork makes you spend enough time in a place you learn to interprete the context, body language, who these people are. You get deep enough in context that you know social relation and how elements combine and interact. Emmersion into a place- get into the past social history. - Fraser Malinoski established how to do anthropology.  He went to Australia to do research with Aboriginals. Someone had to know what savages were really like  He did field work in New Guinea . He went off the veranda to live with the Natives themselves instead of just watching them like the other anthropologists did. He realized he couldn’t sit from afar and he needed to learn the language  now anthropologists can experience their culture, write notes instead of sitting in their airchair reading about it.  He went to see the Trobands. He tried to figure out what mattered to them, taking personal interest in their activities, interact in village life. The chiefs wives would cook him food, he would buy items from the kids. * his observations: social life fulfils basic needs like food, structure. This was the baisis of every social act this is called functionalism. Functionalism fulfills basic needs and this is done by trading. Culture creates weapons, transport ect. It allows organized cooperation in society * he looked at how society worked. Old anthro focused on social evolution (ie marriage). Malinosky focused on here and now looking at biological and legal aspects, kinship, symbolic aspects. Social life is approached by the question: what does it do in society? - Malinosky looked at magic in the trobians. There is magical accompaniment for everything ie love and fishing. Trobians rely on yams. There is a lot at stake during the gardening year. Magic controls the weather and helps them with gardening. * fertilizer is seen as magic to help plants grow  magic and science are seen as separate. Science has logic and reason. Magic is desires you wish to achieve Learning the language - Malonsky was with the trobians for 2 years. ** he communicated with them in their own language and was very fluent - he asked his own questions and wrote in his book. He also took pictures - living with the community, taking notes and learning language = PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION Participant observation - Malinosky felt depressed and loneliness. Kula- exchange of presents between friends  the first time he witnessed it he had no idea what was going on  * this was the centre of trobians life. Kola means “to go”, it required dangerous expeditions to return with a valuable set of gifts. Gifts included necklaces  to use these jewelries are just regular items but to them, these valuables have meaning. There is no momentary worth, but special items for exchange.  Kola exchange is guided by rules and con
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