January 15, 2014.
Lecture 2 – Rebellion
• Not doing what parents or authority figures want you to do
• Why rebellion?
o To make a point, to be different, to express oneself, to fight back
• Elvis Culture
o Revolved around the highschool; social locus where rebellion can take place
o Electric guitar hype; gets big
o Phallic symbol; women in punk rock taking it “into their own hands” was
o Whitening Black Music
Blues and such gets appropriated
• Media effects
o Ed Sullivan Variety Show
o Began documenting youth rebellion; kind of substantiated it, made it more real
• Rebel image
o Not playing by the same rules as the rest of society; not dressing the same; not
listening to the same music; etc.
o Slang language used more; words like cool or hip used more
o Women smoking; not supposed to be a thing they do
Smoking in general and the way in which people smoked was a symbol of
the rebel image; a performance
• The Rocker Code
o Dress code: Elvis, James Dean, sometimes splashy, “glitzy” jackets, poodle skirts
o Couldn’t go to school dressed like that; unless there was a Sock Hop (school
dance with rock bands and dancing in socks)
o Love, sex, and rock and roll
o Rebel Without a Cause
O.g. Grease, similar themes; opposing gangs clash and dish it out with car
• The Blackboard Jungle
o Students have become disobedient in school
o Blackboard world has become a jungle; teenagers as “savages”
• 1960s war-related revolution
o “Make love, not war”
o People specifically protested the Vietnam war but overall people later began
talking about the uselessness of war in general
• The Wild One 
o The movie that made motorcycle gangs a reality o Era of boots, jackets, bikes, etc.
• Jukebox as symbol of rebellion
• Era of homophobia and racism and sexism?
o Not with the youth; the adults had this, the youth didn’t.
o Elvis singing black music; men and wome