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Lecture 2

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ANT356H1- Week 2 Lecture • Religion= belief is something, internal position on something, ritual • Regardless of whether you are religious or not the world around you is already influenced in some ways by religion • What ways do people live their religion outside of Christianity, things like supernatural • The questions of religion as a universal, this came about with the coming of the new world • Internal conflict between different forms of Christianity caused the above question to occur • To understand religion as post-consciousness • Why did people start believing in these things that weren’t real or true? • Anthropologists were the only people asking the important questions about religion Philosophers on Religion • Religion is an illusion consisting of “certain dogmas, assertions about facts and conditions of external- Freud • Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium if the people- Marx (Marxism became more influential in anthropology) Durkheim vs. Tylor • Tylor (1832-1917)  Cultural evolutionist  Animism-> polytheism-> monotheism  Method: comparative approach based on travelers accounts  Individual reasoning’s  Rationalist or intellectualist • Durkheim (1858-1917)  Holistic  Method: focus on aboriginal Australia  The social, sociological approach  How rituals regenerate society (combine secret and profane) Weber • Method: more historical • Verstehen: a systematic interpretive process in which an outsider observer of a culture relates to an indigenous people or sub-cultural group on their own terms and from their own point-of-view rather than interpreting them in terms of his/her o
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