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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 - Spiritual Economies and Economic Theologies - February 5.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Mahiye Secil Dagtas

February 5, 2014. Lecture 5 - Spiritual Economies and Economic Theologies Religion and Modernity, Secularization Readings this Week • Make reference to Weberian capitalist principles • Difference between capitalism and neoliberalism? o Privatization, individual responsibility, free market economy; more prominent in/important to neoliberalism o Political ideology factors into economy more with neoliberalism • Islam as a religious tradition but also its relationship to modernity and capitalism; more of a social force today • Islam often seen as one single tradition but readings show that it can depend on local context • Faces of the State (Navaro-Yashin) o 2002: Party associated with Islam publicly first came into power via election (Turkey?) • Mittermaier o Lot of research (not necessarily within this text) coinciding with recent revolution Themes/Questions Today (class discussion/comments included) • What is the relationship between economy and religion? o Mittermaier: difference between spiritual economies and occult(?) economies o Religion being commodified and being used in a consumer context o Reducing spiritual ideology to economic units/ways of being o Modern religions adapt to change in the economy; religion adapts (with respect to neoliberalism) to the privatization and individualization of the economy by providing a very subjective experience in answering “who am I/what is my place in the world” questions o Economy and material relationships potentially polluting spiritual status and religious spheres o Religion and economy not necessarily in opposition to each other like certain Marxist ideologies might understand it; intersect and affect each other • What is the relationship between Islam and modernity? o Something about Islam not pushing industrial revolution in the middle east like Protestantism/Catholicism did in Europe • What is the anthropology of Islam and what is its object of investigation? Mittermaier • Economies of Thawab (divine payback) o Trading with God • Economies of Baraka (diving blessing) o God’s boundless generousity • Talks about calculation and how people are calculative; something about calculating good deeds o Factors into capitalist viewpoint of profit and loss; translating spirituality and faith and good deeds into capitalist language/discourse o How many good deeds vs. bad deeds will result in going where after death? Etc. o How does God balance his (or, y’know, maybe her) books? • Do capitalist and neoliberal principles effect our view of charity or was thinking about charity selfishly present before capitalism? • “An economized Islam or an Islamic economy is neve
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