ARC131 Lecture 2.docx

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Architecture Studies
Tatiana Senkevitch

10/25/2012 6:11:00 AM Lecture 2 – 9/20/12 Architect: from Greek – arki: chief, tekton: builder/craftsmen Training by aquiring skills through working – architects were compared to priests: understudies and apprenticeships were common methods of teaching architects The secret knowledge an architect carries Socrates: claimed to be the first architect Daedalus & the fall of Icarus fresco in the Imperial Villa, room A. vill. 1.A. Pompeii Villa Imperiale or Villa Suburbana or Suburban Villa of Porta Marina – Daedalus: the skillful worker Knossos – the Labyrinth designed by Daedalus (view of the west stairway) This is the labyrinth from the myth of the minatour Architecture was originally viewed as a metal working craft; like another ‘smith’ job – but the intellectual side made it stand out Charles-Edouard Jeanneret; AKA Le Corbusier (1887 – 1965) – started out as a painter The Constrcutor (self – portrait) – El Lissitzky (1920) Leonardo Da Vinci – the Vitruvian Man based on Vitruvius’ description of the symmetry of the human body that should be reflected in architectural structures – he drew this the same year the Columbus sailed across the Atlantic (1492) Da Vinci never had a University education Vitruvius, Book 1, chpt. 1: the architect should be equipped with knowledge of many branches of study and varied kind of learning, for its by his judgment that all work done by the other art is put to test. This knowledge is the child of practice and theory. Practice is the continuous and regular exercise of employment where manual work is done with any necessary material according to the design of a drawing. Theory, on the other had is the ability to demonstrate and explain the production of dexterity on the principles of proportion Greek Architecture th Temples: the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, 7 Century BC These are the earliest forms of temples Ampitheatres: The Theatre of Dionysus in Athens, 534BC Ampitheatres were used as auditoriums and theatres performing everything from comedy to tragedy The Stoia of Attalos, Athens: conmtemporary reconstruction A stoia was a public structure that was covered – this could have been a location of trading or
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