ARC131 Lecture 1.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Architecture Studies
Tatiana Senkevitch

10/25/2012 6:17:00 AM Lecture 1 – 9/13/12 What is architecture? The difference between the concept & the profession The art of building is practical and pragmatic but extraordinary and beautiful – creating shelter, creating space Technology, social contexts, investments Who, where & how – where & when? Ie. Legislative capital at Dhaka in Bangladesh– National Embassy Interior designed by Louis Isidore Kahn (American architect) built in 1962 – invited by foreign government to create the image of parliament/diplomatic power Conveying different ideas through building material, light, rythme, transcendent space Martin Heidegger: (1889 – 1976) German philosopher studying phenomenology & existentialism; 1950 lecture: “Building, Dwelling, Thinking” – new methodology of interpreting architecture – shelter vs. inhabiting (home) Architecture is foremost a social discipline, you build for others, not just yourself. Everyone judges architecture all the time; its not just a visual stimulant, it’s a multi-sensual experience A building can’t just look pretty; and a photo of a beautiful building is not architecture Architecture is spatial awareness, asthetics Ie. The Church of Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) in Constantinople, Istambul. built between 532 – 537AD by architects: Anthemius of Thralles & Isidore from Miletus It has a very strong, well thought out architectural skeleton; technologically progressive placement of the dome that removes the viewer from understanding that technology Justinian: first Christian king of Constantinople and erected many new buildings in Istambul Hagia Sophia went from being a Christian Church to a Muslim Mosque and is now a public cultural center 6thcentury Byzantine Architect a Greek cross structure: cross building: Hagia Sophia is a Greek cross- structure and architects decided to add a dome supported by 4 strong pillars = heavy masonry structure Greek architects rests the cupilla (the sphere that covers the building) right on top of the dome Hagia Sophia has arches and columns that hide the actual supportive structure of the building – the structure is hidden in asthetics by the architects Churches: Symbolic representations of God VIDEO The setting is also important to the architect Ie. The Pantheon – The Temple to All the Gods, Rome, Italy built in 126AD; architect unknown but commissioned by Marcus Agrippa and constructed by Emperor Adrian Ie. The Colosseum; The Flavian Ampitheatre, Rome built in 70-80AD – architect unknown but sponsored by Nero as a performance arena Nero wanted to create an image of peace and prosperity in Rome – we known who paid for the Colosseum project
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