ARC132 - Lecture 1 - Architectural Education

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Architecture Studies
Zeynep Celik

Contemporary Architecture: Buildings, Landscapes, Cities, Architecture as Discourse Discourse 1. Verbal interchange of ideas; especially conversation 2. Formal and orderly and usually extended expression of thought on a subject 3. A mode of organizing knowledge, ideas, or experience that is rooted in language  Premodern, modern, postmodern, late modern, contemporary  Terms vary by field of study  Sliding values  History of the present  Not a history of the past in terms of the present  History of how things got to be how they are today  History of how things did not have to be the way they are today  History looks to the future as much as it does to the past Histories of the Present: Architectural Education  Design studio  Large space  Students work together  Supervised  Increasingly digitalized  Process rituals – disciplinary techniques  Desk-crit  Interact one-on-one with your instructor  Pin-up  Presenting work informally  Review (formally called ‗jury‘)  Work presented to critics École des Beaux-Arts (1793 – 1968)  Preceeded by the royal academy in the 17 thcentury  Vitruvian ideals are practiced  Lectures open to the public  Theoretical knowledge rather than construction  More closely aligned with the fine arts  Offered lectures on math, history, etc  Provided a museum of antique architecture  Practiced the idea that artistic education started with copying old examples  Ateliers as workplaces  Self-designed learning setup  Privately held studio spaces  Had to approach a teacher or architecture to be their mentors  Organized competitions  Took around 15 years to complete the program  Hierarchical system  Everyone started at the bottom  Grand prix  Top of the hierarchical chain  Only one student achieved it every year  Prize was to study the antiquity in Rome  Upon returning, they become state architect  Competitions were a way of working your way up  Success of design was judged by the accuracy and precision of copying something  The whole matters most  No women  Charette  Carriage, chariot, cart, wagon  A period of intense (group) work, typically undertaken in order to meet a deadline  Students aimed to meet deadlines  Judged by a panel of jury  Closed-jury system  Success was judged by how closely the final product stayed to the original plan  Diplomas were not awarded until later on  Poché  The method or result of representing the solid part of a building (as a wall, etc.) by a darkened area on an architectural plan  Parti  Basic scheme of special arrangement École Polytechnique (1794 – present)  More clos
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