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Lecture 5

JAV131H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Gunnar Asplund, Fascio, Casa Malaparte


Department
Architecture Studies
Course Code
JAV131H1
Professor
Hans Ibelings
Lecture
5

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JAV131: Intro to Architecture Lecture V
1925-1939 Art Deco, Moderne and Monumental
Cross section of many forms of modern architecture
Architecture and politics overlapped
Style and politics
Nation building
Authoritarian era: dictatorships in Soviet Union, Italy, Germany, Spain, Portugal,
colonies in Asia and Africa expressing power through architecture
New Spirit, Streamline, Moderne, Modern ters used i the 9’s
Art Deco label invented in the 196’s
Esprit Nouveau Pavilion Le Corbusier, Paris 1925 radical modern architecture
Apartment Building Pierre Patout, Paris 1925 less radical than Le Corbusier, etc.
Villa Cavrois Rob Mallet Stevens, Croix 1929-1932 more bourgeois
Glass House Pierre Chareau with Bernard Bijvoet, Paris 1931 more luxurious and
comfortable than your typical functional modern architecture
Bucharest i the 9’s modern but not as radical as works of Le Corbusier
Grand Theatre Laslo Hudec, Shanghai 1933
Chrysler Building William Van Alen, New York 1928-30 one of his only works
because he had such a bad experience with one client that no one wanted to work with
him anymore
Rockefeller Center Hood, Godley & Fouilhoux Reinhard & Hofmeister Corbett, Harrison
& MacMurray, New York 1931-1935 complex built during the years of crisis, severe
financial economic crisis; Rockefeller used this project to help alleviate the economic
situation; part of the center is Radio City Hall (Edward Durrell Stone and Donald Deskey,
New York 1933) which displayed a different color palette than the radical modern arch
of the 9’s
Fallingwater Frank Lloyd Wright, Bear Run 1935-38 wright realized that he needed
to update his architecture to stay relevant, this house was his successful attempt;
famous for integration arch and landscape; environmental, stones and rocks are
entering the interior
Johnson Wax Frank Lloyd Wright, Racine Wisconsin 1936-39 rounded corners, long
horizontal elements to emphasis the speed of the architecture
Napier Earthquake in 1931 entire city endured a natural disaster so had to be
rebuilt all at the same time; not one specific architect but multiple working together;
consistency of interior design and graphic design being part of the same style and
aesthetics as the architecture
Miami Beach Hurricane in 1926 became a time capsule of the architecture of the
9’s; ot high stle ut er straight forard use of the stle of art deo; setr,
modernity, transparency, somewhat flat roofs but not radical modern arch; art deco
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becomes a limited alphabet; bright colors, fresh and interesting, mostly just
aesthetically pleasing
Cormier House Ernest Cormier, Montreal 1930-31 his own house but later bought
by Trudeau, whose family still owns the house; interior is gold, red, brown, yellow,
colors create warmth in the interior
Universite de Montreal Ernest Cormier, Montreal 1930-43
Town Hall Willem Dudok, Hilversum 1928-31 he ade soethig that did’t look
like anything else so he was somewhat of an outsider; horizontal elements and
unadorned brick parallel with Wright; interior is less boring than most art deco, more
luxurious and more uniform for modern architecture
Four categories of Art Deco:
Exceptional
Streamline
Ordinary
Classical
Traditionalism
Housing in Hellerau Heinrich Tessenow, Hellerau, 1912 traditional door and
elements for roof, traditional windows, nothing modern about this architecture
Festspielhaus Heinrich Tessenow, Hellerau 1911
Falkenberg Housing Heinrich Tessenow and Bruno Taut, Berlin 1913-16
City Hall Ragnar Ostberg, Stockholm 1911-23 same period as Schroder house,
Bauhaus, hih shos hat as oeistig i Europe i the ’s; opletel differet
arch but also part of what was happening in the interwar period; clear references to the
past but not clear of exact models, instead just traditional ideas
Supreme Court Ernest Cormier, Ottawa 1939-40
Classicism/Monumentalism
Can be found in both democratic and dictatorial countries
I Ditatorships…
Commisariat for the Heavy Industry Ivan Leonidov, Moscow 1934 Stalin completely
killed modern architecture and moved architecture backwards into classicism
Site of the Palace of the Soviets Moscow, 1931-33
Haus der Kunst Paul Troost, Munich 1933-37 Hitler was a big fan of the arts; first
exhibitions held there was a degenerate art one, to show all avant-garde art and ridicule
it before the war really broke out; basement contained an air raid shelter, where they
already included them even in 1937 so whenever there would be a war everyone would
be safe in the basement; terrifying aspect of architecture in that they were prepping for
the war so early
Temple of Honors Gerdy Troost, Munich 1935
Zeppelin Field Albert Speer, Neurenberg 1934-37 made to hold large rallies and
events
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