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Lecture 6

JAV131H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, Case Study Houses, Luis Barragán

Architecture Studies
Course Code
Hans Ibelings

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JAV131 Intro to Architecture: Lecture VI
Arhiteture in the 94’s:
1. Second world war
2. Modernism in the USA
3. South and Central America
4. Postwar reconstruction in Europe
Hiroshima was completely destroyed had to be rebuilt, in a postwar modern style of
architecture addressed the 5 points of modernism, but slightly different than what
e hae see i the ’s ad ’s
Reostrutio of Warsa, 9’s they kept the town looking very similar to before it
had been destroyed similar, but more structured rationalized better when it came
to planning and using land
Reostrutio of Hiroshia, 9’s ad ’s
Palace of Culture Lev Rudnev, Warsaw 1955 gift from Germany, had to be accepted
because Poland was under a dictator at the time
Socialist Realism Stalinist Architecture Soviet Union, but also in Poland, east
Germany, Czech, Hungary, Bulgaria
Stalin-Allee Berlin 1949-60
strayed away from Stalinist architecture, as Soviet Union
was under power in East Germany
Moscow State University Lev Rudnev, Moscow 1949-53 Soviet architects forced to
invent a form of architecture that was vertical, with no similarities to American
skyscrapers, because their government did not want to look like America
Academy of Sciences Lev Rudnev, Riga 1954 included in the empire of the Soviet
Reconstruction of Le Havre Auguste Perret, 1945-60
Stalin-Allee (Karl-Marx-Allee) Berlin 1949-60 very modern and spread out like most
ities, so it does’t eessarily represet a ouet of this tie period
Reconstruction of Le Havre Auguste Perret, 1945-60 oder furiture fro the ’s
Rotterdam in 1940 decided to reconstruct after being bombed in 1940, but in a
modern way different from the other reconstructed cities because they were built in a
similar way to before they were destroyed, narrow streets etc.
Van Traa Reconstruction Plan Rotterdam 1946 narrows streets became ones with
larger volumes, more space within the city, became an open city,
Ljinbaan Shopper Center Van de Broek and Bakema, 1952-56 first in Europe to
make a pedestrian shopping street, designed in a way that if youre shopping on one
side you can still see the windows of the other side; emphasis on transparency and
openness, space in architecture but also space in the photographs of the architecture;
space offered endless possibilities
Coventry Reconstruction 1950 less streets in the reconstruction, more pedestrian
zone, more parking areas, city was transformed in such a way that the car was
accommodated; small scaled blocks disappear, and instead there was an open plan with
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