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Lecture 4

JAV132H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Hendrick De Keyser, Dutch West India Company, Johannes Vingboons

Architecture Studies
Course Code
Hans Ibelings

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Lecture 4 (January 26)
Amsterdam 1650
End of the Ming Dynasty
Crucial year in 1650 (17th century)
Main reason why the year was so important:
Process of expanding rapidly
Growth taking place in a new well planned district with the canals
Gerrit Adriaensz
A painter
Striking elements: no trees
Striking element: steps up to canal houses - a break between street and private homes
It was a Dutch republic
Confederation of 7 regions
Within the Dutch republic, Amsterdam was a state as well
Started in 1581 and collapsed in 1795 when Napoleon came into power
1648 Peace of Westphalia was the end of a war with Germany
This reordered europe for a while
1648 there was a new stability in Europe to help the country flourish
Canal District
Dam in the Amstel is how Amsterdam got its name - building a dam in the river. Amstel
is the name of the river
The canals form a district
Check the map of the Canal District
Canal District also known as “Inner City
The 19th century was when art was up and coming and seen as one unified piece of art
and seen as an answer to southern europe
Enlargement of Amsterdam 1585-1662
See the map and follow the numbers to watch the order that the city expanded in
Concern that people outside of the city were not paying taxes which was a reason for
expansion as well
In 1600 there were 55,000 inhabitants and in 1700 there were 200,000. 4th largest city in
Europe at this time
The growth of population was mainly the influx of new immigrants from the southern part
of the netherlands which was occupied by the Spanish
Directions of the streets follow the directions of the landscape
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Canals - following their extensions: TRANSFORMATIONS
Different architecture mix
This is seen as a symbol of the 17th century
After 1600: Simple shapes, absence of decorations, recycled ornaments into new
buildings but the architecture is not that old
Before 1600: looks different and more plain
Tall buildings and then short ones next to each other
Always been the most important
Closest to the centre
Seen as the most important place still today!
Architecture is more rich, rich ornamentations, stairs leading to stoops
Most houses have a little piece hanging off the front top to lift stuff up floors! They
use a pulley system (only city in the Netherlands where this happens)
Weird to see 5 houses all next to each other that are identical - build in the 1950s
2 3rds glass, 1 3rd brick
Large windows, large openings, the dutch are fascinated by transparency - link to
The corner we are looking at is loud
warehouses : Warehouse Eendracht, Singel, circa 1620
**Note: their version of seeing the map was upside-down compared to ours now**
Singel 421 and 423
Endless discussion to how you should restore a building
Restored to a more pure state
Why the Netherlands became so rich:
Dutch East India Company 1601-1799
Hendrick de Keyser, Oostindisch Huis, VOC Headquarters, 1606
Classical elements
Multinational company was so powerful
Shipping Industry and Zaan River Region
Building thousands of ships
Shipyards in the north of the netherlands
Zoan River is 10k north of Amsterdam is pre revolutionary used windmills to power every
form of machinery
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