Class Notes (834,251)
Canada (508,438)
ARH305H1 (19)

Research Design

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Gary Coupland

Monday, September 19/11 Archaeological Interpretation G. Coupland Research Design Principle of Uniformitarianism • Laws operate today as they did in the past • Past can be inferred from what we observe in the present • This principle underlies ethnoarchaeology • Borrowed from geology • Works well in the natural world but doesn’t work well in cultural/human world • Has been challenged by post-processual archaeologists who say that human behavior is contextual, historically contingent and not governed by laws How Science Works • Most archaeologists follow (more or less) the hypothetico-deductive method (h-d). It involves four steps: 1. Observation - find patterns that underlie • • 2. Inductions - hypothesis formulation. Arguing from specific cases to generalities • 3. Deduction - Arguing from generalities to specific predicitons (if... Then) • 4. Testing - The ‘grunt part’. Making more observations of real world to see if deduced predictions are confirmed. Testing may support hypotheses or lead to its rejection or modification • Examples of h-d • Observation: Classic Maya had state level of organization and were heavily involved in long distance trade • Induction: Relied on trade of salt for state formation • Deduction: If your state hypothesis is true then... • 1. We should find large quantities of traded salt in other cases where states formed • 2. Trade of salt should be found in contexts of high value - prestige (accompanying high status burials) Testing: Long distance salt trade is not found in other cases of state formation but long • distance trade is Multiple Working Hypotheses • When observation leads to induction of more than one hypothesis • Observation: Nunamiut base camps have high frequency of MUI bones • Hypothesis: 1. Differential transport from kill site to base camp (take mainly high MUI bones to base and leave remainders behind) • Hypothesis: 2. Differential disposal
More Less

Related notes for ARH305H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.