FAH101H1 Lecture Notes - Tral, The Short North, New York Post

8 views11 pages
15 Dec 2012
FAH 377 LECTURE 2 JANUARY 18th 2012
- Review of Watkins and Oltsted worked for mining company in california, sides of
hills blasted away
- both involved in mapping and monumentalization of Yosemite
- watkins as photographer
- Olmsted restorative power of landscape, report on preservation of landscape,e
guarantee of access for foreigners and americans, symbol of nation
Niagara Falls Reservation
- O. key figure in design of experience of Niagara falls
- sublime landscapes which inspire awe and terror and sense of great beauty can't
be made by people but can be interpreted by people.
- plan which shaped the perception of visitors
- river and falls merge, natural process over 12 000 years at which time under ice
carved out falls
Painting by Frederick Church 1857 of Niagara , famous landscape circulated among
intelligence in north america and east coast cities, very popular tourist destination,
also painted by other artists
- unlike yoisemite:
- Niagara was not a remote place in mid 19th century, close to toronto, buffalo, new
york city, other cities of eastern sea born
- 1906 new york state made land for purchase along the falls. since 1859 falls were
used to generate power
- now still used to generate power
- resource exploitation at the site of the landscape and whats interesting is that the
artistic depictions to show inhabitation because do not match the myth
- . photograph shows building at perimeter, not as serene and perfect as the photos
Watkins was making in california where indigenous population was small/. went
- O had an interesting task with was similar to yo in the choreography in the experi-
ence but different because there was already a huge volume of people coming , so
to make a sublime experience meant had to mask this alternate reality of landscape
- 1877 O wrote report recommending a scenic restoration of Niagara falls to urge
the state it was signed by important people, powerful crowd advocating this
- petition. . . bill passed 1883, 1885 purchase of land for scenic reservation
- commission of the design went to Olmsted and Vaux?
- O, wrote it was he most difficult problem in landscape architecture to do justice to
most serious. . .
- seeing an aerial perspective, looks unaltered
- ambition of project to create experience of sublime which would edit out what
didn't adhere to the sublime landscape, the "messy bits"
- reservation included island and land on american side
- carriage drive connecting sites of particular interest , there weren't any structures .
. .
- island heavily forested, strips along the river,
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 11 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
FAH 377 LECTURE 2 JANUARY 18th 2012
-plan executed as a carriage drive with small pedestrian paths that wander through
dense planting and only emerge where more mundane development are not seen,
- in the report - articulate notion of solitary intimacy in the wilderness, idea that visi-
tor should experience not only grand spectacle of the falls but the greater beauty . .
sensory and intense individual communion with landscape despite presence of
thousands of visitors
- creation of image was powerful
- notion that O/ V working to create an experience of nature that was not simply ex-
posure of nature itself, but choreographed, articulated experience
Olmsted and the Nature in the North American City:
- projects which brought "natural scenery into the city for public good"- O
- consistent aims and vocabulary, use series of design tools to transform landscape
- typography, circulation and planting
- in a different way for each he paid close attention to practical economics, as well
as civic purposes
- patronage arguments for projects, programs (practical aims that need to be ac-
commodated, also design methods and specific tactics
- read excerpt from Thoreau
- also looked at secondary source essay on garden designer and theorist A.J Down-
ing, which both influenced Olmsted ? Or were influenced?
- Thoreau, Downing and the rural cemetery movement
- T, americanTranscendentalism philosopher , in cabin to come to terms with
nature at Walden Pond?
- describes in essay nature as a " companion, mirror, consoler, source of life"
- uses poetic device to identify himself with nature and also nature with humanity
describes nature in anthropomorphic way
- people made truer and better through immersion to nature (romantic idea)
- ideological antecedent to Olmsted's work
- Geographic antecedent to his work comes from A.J downing
- NOrth American Landscape designer and theorist who played important role in
translation of appropriate idiom from European landscaper design to New World
- started out believing in the European value that artifice for instance in introduc-
tion of exotic plants was actually a sign of genius or designer, things that couldn't
be distinguished from nature couldn't be valued as art, but over course of career
ideas develop away form that notion for a commitment not to "gardenesque" but
picturesque and beautiful
- beautiful= image characterized by 18th c english literature, landscapes smooth
graceful and flowing, calming, soft,
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 11 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
FAH 377 LECTURE 2 JANUARY 18th 2012
- Picturesque- different set of values, irregular, rough, wild and a little sup rising,
and its values were argued for by Gilpin and Price
- Downing came to feel that the picturesque and the beautiful, particularly the pic-
turesque, were suitable to north american because of the availability to raw materi-
als and richness of the indigenous landscape
- native landscape, not something to leave alone but basis for selection editing and
recomposition in order to make an ideal image
- other Antecedent: rural cemetery movement began in 1830's in north america
when cemeteries began to move away from centre of cities and churches, over-
crowding and hygiene because as became more crowded, more smelly, and aware-
ness of these places transmitting disease
- also interest in the exploitation of real estate value in cities (cemetery not prof-
- cultural notion that the beautiful archaic scenery in gardens etc great places to
burry people, those they left behind could console themselves in spiritually uplifting
environment , inner peace
- first landscape cemetery in north america outside of boston built in 1830s
- cemetery with arboretum, partly sponsored by Boston Cultural society
- it became a popular place to enjoy landscape and scenery
- Consequences:
1. seen as unseemly for cemetery be place of leisure
2. need to get out of 19th c cities which were rough places
Cemeteries played a big role in public consciousness for need of public parks
around citied
- Olmsted on one of his travels to britain became very interested in parks there,
which were publicly accessible and the role they payed in building a culture and civ-
- he was particularly struck by Burningham which was accessible to public
Central Park - constructed refuge in the city
- although 4 projects share similarities in the way they look, different roles in the
- Central park is very much about the invention and construction of a separate
scenery within the city but contains the cities opposite, rural and picturesque
- seeing the map made in 1811 for the subdivision of property in NYC
- can see from the map that old parts of town irregular pattern, original settlement
at the bottom
- 1811 whole rest of manhattan island ( area up 255 street) planned out according
to a relentless grid, long east west direction short north south, it was done accord-
ing to the interest of land speculators
- city intended to provide easy format for subdivision and lots, it made most of wa-
terfront, interest in providing access to wear houses along the cities edge
- homogenous pattern
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 11 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.