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Art (530)
FAH101H1 (129)
Pam Wolff (6)
Lecture

fah377 lec 1.pdf

4 Pages
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Department
Art
Course Code
FAH101H1
Professor
Pam Wolff

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lec 1 1. defining landscapes • the term originating from Dutch: ‘a patch of cultivated ground’; becomes appropriated within painting to designate its image • geographical areas characterized by different ecosystems • in the period after WWII, cultural geographers used ‘landscape’ in terms of material culture but in the last 30 years, a series of reactions against the neutral observation of landscape reorients usage to understanding of cultural artifacts as expressions of power (large scale abstraction of cultural, economic, technological processes) structuralist ----> post-structuralist the notion of fixed meaning gives way to questions of interpretation concurrently, implications of phenomenological theory comprehend landscapes as embodied structures of experience • for landscape architects, a medium of design, a series of systems under/not human control; that the landscape consists of cultural products and yet also impervious to cultural control DILEMMA demands of choice, two conditions existing simultaneously, requiring reconciliation nature culture impossible to separate in landscape architecture nature exists as an idea shaped by culture, external to it and yet situated in relation to it; a hybrid of non/human forces rather than as separate constituents landscape architecture posits particular ideas about nature and culture; designs in a medium that is always changing, can never be controlled design is always rhetorical: cultural production and expression that cannot be divorced from social, political, economic, aesthetic arenas NORTH AMERICA deeply defined by landscape in its mythologies and politics, characterized by a dichotomy of valorization/exploitation of the land ‘beginning’ as European colonies through which wealth was generated through abundant natural resources, the landscape of NA is articulated as an economic engine and the common ground for development of community (consider valorization appearing in philosophy and art) 1850: emergence of profession of LA (categories of endeavours at different historical moments/ contexts) productive landscapes (ex. farming) apprehension and framing of nature city parks, psychic improvement, public space and democracy; homogenization, naturalization urban form and infrastructure gardens as expressions of ideas/ideology inferences and extrapolations from representations of reality [how has landscape architecture designed and defined nature and culture; mirrored and challenged broad cultural understandings of landscape?] introduction of large tracts of scenery in cities tools of representation: photography, plans (scaled), perspective painting as image of what to come Chicago: NA cities asserting power and influence of European value systems and commercial capital in their design, a method that does not draw from organic topographical/geological features of land • shift from interest in history to economy and technology suburban growth and automobile industry, reorganization of city block: lane ways facing the backs of houses, the fronts leading to communal park areas as in Don Mills, key idea is the separation of automobiles and pedestrians, with reference to Don Valley and ravine system (Hurricane Hazel) • transformation of personal gardens by technology; references to idioms rather than history • documentation of geographical interactions in an area (basis of GIS) 1970s reactions in design: phenomenological knowledge colours works of LAs (Hague) a shift in ecology, systems ecology emphasizing the dynamic character of environments vs notion of ideal state; making visible the practice of maintenance Fresh Kills Park Leslie Spit: hybrid landscape formed in late 1950s, undertaken from materials from excavations, originally to provide bigger harbour for St. Lawrence Seaway; the rubble began to
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