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Lecture 3

FAH423H1 - Lecture 3.doc

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Carl Knappett

Sept 26th - FAH423H1: Minoan Palaces Lecture 3 • Knossos - The Public Palace • 2 Phases make up the West Court - they look very different • Kouloures - a feature of the West Court in the first palace period • 4 monumental kouloures - purpose? • Used as granaries/storage • 4.5m wide - 5m deep • Other palaces on Crete have the same type of kouloures • West court located just outside palace - the lack of defense suggests that this storage area during the 1st palace period was communal/public • Kouloures paved over in the 2nd palace period as the complex was expanded • When you visit the palace today it isn’t alway clear what goes with what phase b/c of how it was exca- vated • Just off the side of the west court there are fairly common houses located very near by. The houses became more impressive (w/Ashlars) as the Palace expanded • Raised walkways - important part of the court • Evans has tons of illustrations in his publication, “The Palace of Minos” (worth going through)- such as the Isometric View of Outer Entrance System on West (Partly Completed): with original west entrance of palace • Facade of the West Court, showing gypsum orthostats • Main view of palace from the town • Dates to the Middle Minoan IB • Gypsum - quarried a couple KM south of Knossos • In original state the material would have been shiny/glittery - would have been an awe inspiring site • The orthostats have deteriorated due to erosion • Windows on upper stories? - indicated by recesses on the facade • If there was windows who would be looking out of them? - all sort of discussion about this • What is happening in this court aside from awe? • Hard to allocate function to an open court so it is very hard for us to tell • Possible used primarily as a route to get to the larger central court • Facade is known as the “Corridor of the Procession” • Known by this name b/c there seems to have been traces of frescos along the wall - although the evidence isn’t contemporary from when they were built • Fresco traces may belong to the later Mycenaean palace occupation • Access to the Palace was more restricted in the 2nd palace period (LESS PUBLIC) • South Propylaeum • Largely reconstructed by Evans • Columns reconstructed with wood - accurate based on remnants there • Continuation of the “Corridor of the Procession” frescos • The idea is you have a procession of life sized figures on the wall as you are processing through the complex as well • Pottery • Datable to Middle Minoan IIIB - means walls above it must be later • Evans leaves very detailed p
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