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Lecture 6

FAH423H1 - Palaces of Minoan Crete Lecture 6.doc

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Carl Knappett

FAH423H1 - Palace of Malia • Similar in plan to the palace of Knossos - also built in two different periods • Central court, magazines, koulours etc. • Substantial amount of town is from the 1st Palace Period - mostly Second Palace peri- od palace remains at Malia • Agora • Sort of the equivalent of a theatrical area at Knossos • Magazines found off the Agora • Hasn’t been properly excavated or published • Quartier Mu, Malia • Located a couple hundred yards from the Palace of Malia • We don’t find bedrooms at the palace b/c people are living here - easily could fit 50+ people • Both Building A and Building B were subject to a huge fire during the 1st palace period so were not rebuilt over - thus remains are from the 1st palace • ‘Palatial’ architectural features - lustral basin, West facade • Spatial organization: central ‘ceremonial’ areas, upper storeys, magazines, work- shops • Lustral basin - located next to a ceremonial area • Building is not palatial - doesn’t have a central court (although there is a central ceremonial area) • Activities: • Administration - archival documents in Cretan Hieroglyphic, indicative of ad- ministrative functions performed outside the palace • Craft production - various workshops - consider artisans’ status in relation to occupants of main building • Religious - sanctuary with offering table, cultic equipment in V5 suggestive of a shrine on upper storey - figurines, stone cases, jewellry, Chamizi juglets, etc. • Storage - numerous vessels in upper & lower magazines. Household scale or beyond? • Inter-regional exchange - many vessels imported from Isthmus, South Coast, Mesara • Foreign contacts - Egyptianising sphinx terracotta plaque, and ceramic relief cats • What was Quartier Mu • centre for religious administration? • Urban dependency of palace? FAH423H1 - Palace of Malia • Factional challenge to palatial authority? • Even though the plan isn’t palatial, what we find there and its function suggest it was more than just a residential area • We don’t find the same kind of finds at Phaistos • Knossos, Phaistos and Malia: 3 palace of the First Palace period • But what is happening outside of these centers? • Other thriving settlements on crete at this time - what was their association/rela- tionship with the palace? • Myrtos Pyrgos on the west coast for example - did it have any connection to Malia or is too far? • Distance - Malia to Gournia would take atleast one full day - Myrtos Pyrgos to Gournia would take at least two (very mountainous) • What relationship did they have to the wider territory? (lecture recording starts here) • We know these settlements were interconnected through pottery • Cherry 1986 - divides Crete into states (polities) • Here research doesn’t really add up - we just assu
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