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Lecture 5

LECTURE 5 February 11 2013.pdf

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Department
Art
Course
FAH101H1
Professor
Dr.Sharon Vattay
Semester
Winter

Description
LECTURE  5                 February  11  2013     • Importance  of  Industrial  revolution  to  architecture  and  the  society  as  a  whole.    It  caused   changes  to  transportation,  communication  and  therefore  how  we  see  and  experience  the   landscape.   • Increase  of  middle  class.  This  led  to  new  building  types  for  the  public.   • Scientific  inventions  that  led  to  new  materials  being  discovered.     Iron  Bridge  ,  Coalbrookdale.    F  &  A  Darby  Pritchard.   • Symbol  of  Industrial  Revolution.  Increased  the  ability  to  span  over  larger  distances]   • Form  is  similar  to  kind  of  form  exploited  with  stone,       • Earliest  example  of  iron  being  used  within  a  piece  of  architecture.   • Worlds  first  completely  iron  framed  building   • Exterior  still  used  bricks.   • Allowed  opening  up  of  spaces  within  the  interior   • As  it  was  a  good  idea  for  a  factory  to  have  larger  space  for  machines  and  works.   • Factories  might  go  o  fire  so  sustainable  material  was  preferred     Crystal  Palace.  Joseph  Paxton.   • Use  of  glass  and  iron   • Traditional  Plan:  aisle  and  transept  cutting  across.   • Purpose  was  a  major  world  exhibition.   • For  this  exhibition,  architects  were  invited  to  display  their  designs.  Joseph  Paxton,  a   gardener,  understood  the  concept  of  glasshouses.  He  came  up  with   a  design  that  could  be   built  cheaply  and  quickly.   • It  was  first  example  of  prefabrication:  each  component  was  mass-­‐produced,  these  were   simply  brought  to  site  and  crystal  palace  was  assembled.   • A  temporary  building,  that  could  also  easily  be   assembled.  However,  it  was  reassembled  at   another  site  in  London.   • Safer,  incase  of  fire.     Kings  Cross-­‐Station,  London,  Lewis  Cubitt   • Lewis  Cubitt  was  an  engineer,   • The  façade  if  the  building  uses  traditional  material   • The  exterior  expresses  that  the  interior  is  a  huge  interior  space.     Midland  Grand  Hotel   • Next  to  king  cross  station   • Gothic  in  style     Bon  Marche  store,  L.C  Boilleau   • New  building  type:    department  stores   • Dramatic/novel  space  with  the  sexploitation  of  iron  creating  these  staircases  as  shopping  at   that  time  was  about  being  seen.     This  technological  advancement  was  also  happening  in  France     Eiffel  Tower   • Like  London,  as  paris,  wanted  to  showcase  its  advancement  in  technology     • Was  to  be  a  temporary  structure  [  Parisians  wanetd  it  removed]   • The  concept  was  to  built  the  largest  tower.   • Most  of  the  buildings  designed  for  the  exhibition  were  very  traditional.     Galarie  des  Machine   • Modern  building  with  a  large  span.     • Developed  using  technology  that  was  used  for  bridge  building.   • It  has  been  debated  throughout  the  history  if
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