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Lecture 8

Lecture 8

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University of Toronto St. George
B Ewald

Triumph • Roman Triumphal procession would gather in the southern field of Mars, then cross the pomerium, encircle the palatine hill, cross the Forum Romanum, and climb up to the Capitoline hill • Procession ended at temple of jupiter optimus maximus • Sacrifice of bulls in a hecatomb • The reconstruction shows the Jewish triumph of Vespasian and Titus passing by the Basilica Julia and the Temple of Saturn on its way to the Capitol • The procession would include the display of war booty, captives, signs with names of conquered cities • Triumph was important procession in Republic and Imperial period • In republican victorious generals could celebrated a triumph • While in the Imperial it was only members of the imperial family • Became a god for a day • But in the republican period it was important that one indiciual was not given too much power - except during the triumph • The triumphator was regarded as something like a god for a day/couple days for as long as the triumph lasted • He explains the whole triumphal procession - basic review • POW also had to compete in gladitorial games Tullianmum • Preserved is the “death chamber” (the Tullianum) in the “Carcer”, th eprison where enemy leaders were kept • After they had been executed they could be publicly displayed • Ritually the romans were participating in humilation of the enemies ROME scene • Liberatitus is the term for the generosity of the emperor who distirubutes money and land after a triumph, and from the wealth that has been generated by the triumph Arches • 3 preserved: • Arch of Titus - 1 centuryAD • On the Velia, with the Colosseum in the background • Survivd because it was converted into a fortress in the middle ages • Incroporated into a fortress of the Frangipani family • Modern appearance is the result of a 19 century restoration • The deiatory insrpition on the arch noes that it was built by the Senate and the People of Roem (SPQR) for the deified emperor Tites, which indicated that the arch was erected after Titus’death inAD 81 • The arch was a funerary monument as muh as it was a triumphal monument, celebreatign the triump of Vepasian an dhis son Titus after the capture of Jerusalem in 71 CE (When vespasian was still emepror). • The original Bronze letters of the inscription ar enow missing • His military achievements made him a god • The frieze of the arch of titues depicts a triumphal procession.An accurate, though somewhat ideal representation: clearly recognizable are the sacrifical animals and attndants, as well as the signs with the names of the defeated peoples and citites, and also reclining personificaiton of the river jordan • Also litters on which you would carry captured prisoners - enemy leaders • Th elitter shown has a reclining figure which is a personificiation of the river Jordan. This advertized how far the Romans had gone • Apotheosis of Titus, riding towards heave
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