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Lecture

FAH101H1 Lecture Notes - Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, Gerrit Rietveld, Weissenhof Estate


Department
Art
Course Code
FAH101H1
Professor
Dr.Sharon Vattay

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FAH272 March 18, 2013 Lecture Notes
Winslow House, Illinois, FL Wright, 1893
- Emphasis on the horizontal to be more grounded and set it in its site/landscape
- Second floor is diminished
- Used roman brick, in keeping with the horizontal theme (long wide brick)
- Used materials that were organic to the place that they were constructed
- Trying to create an experience within the building for the occupants
Larkin Building, Buffalo, FL Wright, 1902-1904
- Very functional
Bauhaus
- School of design
- Founded by Walter Gropius
International Style
- Term comes from an exhibition at the MoMA in 1932
- Quite unusual for an architect and an architectural historian to create an
exhibition
- Director = Alfred Barr
- Architect = Phillip Johnson
- Henry-Russell Hitchcock = architectural historian
- Brought together 50 architects from 15 countries around the world whose work
they felt was representative of the modern architecture at the time
- Saw an emphasis on the volume of space
- There was worldwide this interest in focussing on the spaces contained within
exterior planes of the building envelope
- They also noticed that there was a sense of regularity (not symmetry)
- Another characteristic is the interest and the focus on the materials and the
intrinsic quality of the materials
Villa Stein, Garaches, France, Le Corbusier, 1926
Schroder House, Netherlands, Gerrit Rietveld, 1924
Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, Mies van der Rohe, 1928-1930
Bauhaus, Dessau, Germany, Walter Gropius, 1925
- These architects were all represented in the international style exhibition at the
MoMA

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Philladelphia Savings Fund Society Building, Howe and Lescaze, 1929-1932
McGraw-Hill Building, New York, Raymond Hood, 1931
- The only two skyscrapers in the exhibition
Weissenhof Seidlung Apartments, Stuttgart, Germany, Mies van der Rohe, 1927
- Part of the exhibition
- This portion of the exhibition was the create an estate of worker class housing
- Examples of working class housing
- Referred to as the Weissenhof estate
- Many architects were involved including Le Corbusier, Oud etc.
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