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FAH272 Lecture Notes Week 10 - March 18.docx

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Dr.Sharon Vattay

FAH272 March 18, 2013 – Lecture Notes Winslow House, Illinois, FL Wright, 1893 - Emphasis on the horizontal to be more grounded and set it in its site/landscape - Second floor is diminished - Used roman brick, in keeping with the horizontal theme (long wide brick) - Used materials that were organic to the place that they were constructed - Trying to create an experience within the building for the occupants Larkin Building, Buffalo, FL Wright, 1902-1904 - Very functional Bauhaus - School of design - Founded by Walter Gropius International Style - Term comes from an exhibition at the MoMA in 1932 - Quite unusual for an architect and an architectural historian to create an exhibition - Director = Alfred Barr - Architect = Phillip Johnson - Henry-Russell Hitchcock = architectural historian - Brought together 50 architects from 15 countries around the world whose work they felt was representative of the modern architecture at the time - Saw an emphasis on the volume of space - There was worldwide this interest in focussing on the spaces contained within exterior planes of the building envelope - They also noticed that there was a sense of regularity (not symmetry) - Another characteristic is the interest and the focus on the materials and the intrinsic quality of the materials Villa Stein, Garaches, France, Le Corbusier, 1926 Schroder House, Netherlands, Gerrit Rietveld, 1924 Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, Mies van der Rohe, 1928-1930 Bauhaus, Dessau, Germany, Walter Gropius, 1925 - These architects were all represented in the international style exhibition at the MoMA Philladelphia Savings Fund Society Building, Howe and Lescaze, 1929-1932 McGraw-Hill Building, New York, Raymond Hood, 1931 - The only two skyscrapers in the exhibition Weissenhof Seidlung Apartments, Stuttgart, Germany, Mies van der Rohe, 1927 - Part of the exhibition - This portion of the exhibition was the create an estate of worker class housing - Examples of working class housing - Referred to as the Weissenhof estate - Many architects were involved including Le Corbusier, Oud etc. - Buildings within the site took on a number of different forms - They exhibited new experimental work and how it was coming to the forefront and could be readily available to create prototypes - After the exhibition it was supposed to be turned into worker housing (and it was) - Some of the buildings are still standing - The idea was for them not to be luxury units, not too expensive to build elsewhere in Germany or wherever - All
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