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Lecture 3

FAH272 Lecture Notes Week 3 - January 28.docx

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Dr.Sharon Vattay

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Week 3 - January 28, 2013 - Lecture Notes HPS272 19 Century th - There is no one term to describe the styles of the 19 century - There are many styles here - Often referred to as the battle of the styles (the 19 C) th - When talking about the British architecture it is generally classified as Victorian (when queen Victoria reigned) but this does not mean there is one Victorian style (many styles included) The Architects Dream, Thomas Cole, 1840 (painting) - Is his dream you see examples of architecture from every historic period - Roman, Egyptian, Greek, gothic Royal Pavilion, Brighton, England, John Nash, 1818-1820 - Knowing something about the architect, client and location can lead to understanding the work here th - Client = George 4 - What john Nash did was took a building that was fairly simple and turned it into this fantasy building that incorporated Chinese, Hindu, Moorish styles to create a picturesque building - Made it dramatic/exotic - He was able to do this because George 4 was very extravagant - Building that has incorporated new technologies = cast iron The Tombs, New York City, John Havilland, 1838 - Influences from Egyptian architecture - Was a prison - He was addressing the need for a specific building type - ^ in middle class ^ the need for new building types - This offhandedly led to prisons and a fairly new building type - Started to think about style of arch from history could speak to the inhabitants of the building and those who saw the building - Egyptian connection to tombs and temples with ideas of eternity and death with the tomb idea - Emphasis on how the building who would address those coming to the building - Columns are very specially Egyptian (papyrus quality) Newgate Prision, George Dance the Younger, 1768-1775 - Designed prison that had a lot of the qualities that Havilland prison had - Not in terms of the Egyptian but in terms of the boding quality Carcere, Giovanni Piranesi, 1744 (etchings of imaginary prisons in this series) - Can see influences in the newgate prison doors - Artistic renderings can help us understand the architecture of the time Paestrum, Piranesi, 1777 (sketch) - One of his ruins sketches St Pancras, New Church, London, William &H.W. Inwood, 1819-1822 - Fits into the Greek revival  During the Napoleonic wars people could not visit Italy during the Grand Tour so there was an increase in Greek influences because architects could still visit there Erechtheum, Athens, James Stuart, 1751 (painting) Entrance facade to the British Museum, London, Sir Robert Smirke, 1823-1846 - Went through many fazes in architecture - Museum is a modern invention - Doesn’t have a lot of options in terms of looking back in history for this building type - Was free to chose a category to suit that design - Part of neoclassicism and Greek revival  Greek revival was basically the end of neoclassicism Reform Club, London, England, Sir Charles Barry, 1837-1841 - Introduced renaissance revival - Was a social club (men’s club) - He used a new vocabulary not previously exploited in this way - Influence from the renaissance designs - Influences by the Palazzos in Italy (ex. Palazzo Farnese, seen by Barry in his Grand Tour) - Had an interior courtyard that created a private outdoor space - Used in the reform club (but with a roof because it rained a lot in London) Strawberry Hill, Twickenham exterior, Horace Walpole, 1749 - Gothic vocabulary can be seen in interior pictures True Principles of Pointed of Christian Architecture, Pugin, 1841 (work) - Huge adv
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