Class Notes (807,518)
Canada (492,692)
Art (522)
FAH102H1 (49)

Intellectual Paradigms + Thinkers I

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Leanne Caroll

FAH102H1 Week 5, June 16 2011 Critical Thinkers + Intellectual Paradigms -various theories that have PROMPTED new art historian practices -Marx, Freud + psychoanalysis, Postcolonialism Theory + Art History -theory = basis of action. Eg. This method is based on this theory .. -explanation of how phenomena work -POSITIVISM: -just the facts, no interpretations -looks at scientific facts, not socialcultural influencesdistractions -highly descriptive accounts of artworks + artist bios. Comes prior to interpretation. Often claims to be more factual -a theory in itself -critique: its imposible to separate positivism completely from contexts; it looks at individuals (eg. This person created this work, and therefore work reflects himher) Theory + Methodology: -Theory: the process of formulating research questions -Methodology: set of proceduresways of answering those questions -Iverson, Melville: purpose determines the purpose of the study. -few art historians work with a single theory -Harris: theory is also needed to allow us to invent + mobilize forms of argument + procedures required in forming alternatives to the dominant practice -theory is a tool which we have to grapple anew each time we use it MARXISM: -Socialist theories -Marx + Engels, predominantly -history, culture, AND economics. Marxism does not always equal Communist government => it is a broader framework for art history -Das Kapital: exploitation of workers labour; The Communist Manifesto: the history of society is the history of class struggles (under Capitalism) -bourgeoisie (own the means of production) vs. proletariat (workers) -economy = base, which determines the superstructure (forms of society + the state) -**art is used by dominant class to motivate + control lower classes; lower classes can also use art to challenge dominant -art is not limited to geniuses; anyone is capable -how does Capitalism survive if it is so oppressive? -Gramsci: theory of cultural longevity. Cultural hegemony. 1
More Less

Related notes for FAH102H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.