January 22, 2014
FAH207 Greek and Roman Art Lecture 3
Greece comes of Age:
Tracing Style through sculpture
Orientalizing Period – Archaic/Classical Period (700 BCE – c.450 BCE)
Geometric Oinochoe from the Athenian Agora
Referring to pic tradition of homer. Small jug. In main frieze we see charioteers fighting.
A checkered square shield reference to mythical Siamese twins who also fought Heracles.
Very unusual. On the neck are shoulders with a shield; unpractical might refer to sword
shown top right.
Geometric Krater from Thebes
Giant ship with many men. On the side there is a man just about to step up onto the ship
behind him is a woman. Perhaps this is the story of Paris abducting Helen from Sparta
another theory is Theseus having slayed … takes the girl and leaves.
Reconstruction of a Greek Trireme Under Sail
From J.E. Lendon, Song of Wrath: The Peloponnesian War Begins (2011)
Colonization of the Mediterranean (800600 BCE)
Geometric Krater detail: Shipwreck Ischia, Italy (near Naples) c.725 BCE
Ppl helplessly mixed in with fish. Found near the bay of Naples in Ischia. Colonized by
the Greeks in the 7 cent. Map of all regions colonized green ones belong to Greece.
Colonization being done by sea.
Dipylon Amphora Detail
Geometric design, repetitive, rhythmic. Highly ornamental. Rhythm depends on vowels
weather long or short.
‘Orientalizing’ Period: 7 c 700600BCE
Influence from near east later on known as Persia.
Cauldron from Salamis c. 700 BCE/ Griffin protome from Rhodes c. 700675BCE
Griffin attachment of tripod Cauldron. Often elaborate prizes for athletic games. The
metal work, balanced over s shaped design almost no straight lines except for handle on
top and ears.
Odysseus and the Sirens, Attic Red Figure Vase by the Siren Painter c.480 BCE
During voyage men told to put wax in ears, while Odysseus tied to the sail gets to hear
Protocorinthian aryballos, the “Macmillan” vase. c. 650 BC. Height 2 ins (7 cm).
Names come from initials on it, or known artist, geography where it’s found or who
discovered it. Vase with mouth spout is a lion head. Hybrid vase popular at this time less
seen during archaic period. Perfume jar. going to need to know type names of jars.
Back in the day bathed in oil then scraped it off with dirt? January 22, 2014
“Chigi Vase” Protocorinthian Olpe (26 cm)
Protocorinthian means Corinthian style proto means before leading up to that phase.
Corinth leading manufacture in the 7 century. Clay colour is yellow. Athenian vases are
more orange, one way to know were vases come from. Olpe means pouring jug probably
used for wine. Has 3 registers one on shoulder, belly and bottom. Has vertical hierarchy.
Belly register shows riders on horses, bottom register we see youths crouching and
moving along with dogs most likely a hunting scene carrying bunch of dead hare.
Technique of vase has changed now its incision, scratching out the details, use sharp tool
to scratch out details. On the other side is a lion hunt, motif is near eastern, lions did not
exist in Greece. Heracles and the Nemea lion. Design is stylized. Similar to Macmillan
vase. Has a lot to do with asserting power. Whenever you see male figure without beards
it is a youth. They are hunting. Main register on shoulder is decorative free hand with a
lot of colours. Warfare of ancient Greece.
Hoplite Phalanx, from top of Chigi Vase
Hoplites were Greek foot solders they were very brave fighting close contact.
Aristocrates because they had to afford their own bronze armour. Usually round big
shield, sword, spear, and protective gear from head to toe, helmet and something to put
over shin. These shields are also artistic devices. Soldiers come from both sides were they
meet can show outside and inside of shield. Emblems were suppose to protect you shield
devices, like a hawk, eagle, snake and gorgon face (reference to medusa). Is suppose to
scare away evil as long as you’re on the inside of the shield your protected.
NeoAssyrian Lion Hunt Relief, Nineveh (Modern Day Iraq) North Palace of
Ashurbanipal (c.645 BCE)
King is stabbing lion with dagger, asserting ones power even though the lion has been
shot with an arrow.
Protocorinthian Animal style Olpe c. 650625 BCE/ Early Corinthian Animal Style
Amphora c. 625600BCE
Typical vase painting towards end of 20 century.
“Eleusis Amphora” Protoattic amphora 650 BCE (1.44m) Eleusis
Free hand design without geometric patterning. Mythological narrative from the Odyssey
of Odysseus stabbing Cyclopes with a spear blinding him. They were stranded on the
island kept captive in Polythemious’s cave (Cyclopes). Odysseus known as the cunning,
resourceful hero. Gets Cyclopes drunk him and his men make stake to stab him in the
eye. Odysseus was cursed by the Cyclopes and his trip was delayed for 10 years.
Odysseus here is holding a wine cup, strange cuz drinking occurred earlier. Mean to give
us entire story. Sisters of medusa chasing … had to look at reflection of shield so that he
wouldn’t look into Medusas eyes. Athena helps Perseus get away. This was also a
funerary vase used as an urn that contained remains. Use of outlining
Nessos Amphora Late Protoattic c. 625 BCE, Athens January 22, 2014