Class Notes (807,242)
Canada (492,664)
Art (522)
FAH207H1 (45)
B Ewald (3)

Feb 3 lecture

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
B Ewald

Lecture 4 2311 Greek Architecture, continued Temple of Zeus in Olympia Located in the center of the sanctuary in Olympia. Surrounded by statues or offering. Venues for athletic trainings and hotels for officials from other cities. Sanctuary in Olympia was the site of the most important Pan-Hellenic (all Greek) games, celebrates since 776 BCE. Herakles and Pelops were both credited with founders of the games. Temple of Zeus, built around 460 BCE. At the time it was the largest temple in Greece. No longer standing (probably because of an earthquake). Columns were not made by marble, but by a cheaper marble and covered with stucco to look white and shiny. Used marble only for the roof tiles and the architectural sculptures. Classically Doric. Built by architect Libon from nearby town of Elis. Sculptural decoration is used sparingly. Exterior metopes were not sculpted or decorated, only the interior frieze. Monumental statue was made of gold and ivory (chryselephantine), built by Pheidias. Statue was added a few decades later when funds had been raised. Statue is about 12m high. Zeus is seated, holding Nike (signifying victory) and a scepter (expresses kingly power). Torso was made with ivory, robe made with gold Pheidias workshop was been found and had been later transformed into a church. The size of the workshop matched that of the naoscella of the statue so he could check the size. Glass and ivory has been found at the site I belong to Pheidias inscription on the foot of a vase found at the workshop but some say it was a prank by one of the excavators Pediments on east and west side are decorated. East pediment shows preparation of a chariot race between Pelops and Oinomaos (king of nearby town). His daughter Hippodameia was beautiful but he killed off her suitors in chariot races. Pelops overcomes Oinomaos (supposedly is given special horses by a god another story is that he tampers with a chariot so Oinomaos dies). In the center of the east pediment is Zeus, flanked by Pelops, Hippodameia, Oinomaos, horses, personifications of the nearby rivers, etc. West pediment is the battle of Lapiths and Centaurs at the wedding of Lapith Peirithoos centaurs get drunk and try to rape and kidnap the young boys and females, battle ensues, centaurs are killed. In the center is Apollo (god of light and order), flanked by Theseus, Lapiths, and centaurs. Myths include warning to maintain self control
More Less

Related notes for FAH207H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.