Introduction: Historical Background + Art Historical Periodization

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Christina Katsougiannopolou

FAH207 Lecture 1 MAY15/2012 - Greek Art’ refers to the art of the Greek cities in central and Northern Greece and the Peloponnesos, and on the Greek islands; but also to the art of the Greek colonies in Southern Italy and Sicily (and elsewhere, such as the coasts of the Black Sea and Egypt), and the Greek cities on the West Coast of Asia Minor (now Turkey) - ‘Roman art’ refers not only to art from the city of Rome, but also to art from the various provinces of the Roman empire. Roman ‘provincial art’ often kept its distinct character. Chronological Chart Greece Rome - The Dark Ages (1100-900 B.C.) - 753 BCE alleged foundation of the city of Rome - The Geometric Period (900-700 B.C.) - Regal Period (8 -6 c. BCE) - The first Olympic Games (776 B.C.) - Roman Republic (510-27 BCE) th - The Orientalizing Period (700-600 B.C.) - Imperial Period (27 BCE-5 c. CE) - The Archaic Period (600-480 BCE) - The Early Empire (27 BCE – 96 CE) - The Classical Period (480-323 BCE) - The High Empire (97 CE – 192 CE) th - The Hellenistic Period (323-31 BCE) - The Late Empire ( 193 CE – late 4 c. CE) - Culture = non-biological characteristics unique to a particular society - Disciplines that study (material and visual) culture = history, anthropology, archaeology, history of art - Ancient world – prehistoric and classical archaeology – epigraphy – numismatics – - Archaeology: studies the past of human cultures through the material remains these cultures left behind (archaeological record) – employs scientific methods as well as interpretative methods of the humanities - History of art = the study of the past through works of art - a discipline of interpretation that goes from identification, description, classification into explaining why a work of art was made the way it was made - Prehistoric and historical or classical archaeology - In Greek archaeology prehistory ends around 800 BC with the emergence of the first scripts and the Homeric poems Art and Art History th - The beginnings of art history (18 c.) – Johann Joachim Winckelmann, History of the Art of Antiquity (1764) - Techne = Craft - Visual arts in ancient Greece, were considered skills, crafts rather than highly intellectual activities - The idea of “art for art’s sake” was unknown to ancient Greek sculptors and painters The Survival of Ancient Art: Why do we have what we have? - Our picture of ancient art is distorted by the circumstances of preservation, which depend on a) the materials from which a work of art was made and b) its original context. - Best preserved are works of an art in durable materials (i.e. stone like marble or limestone
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