Physical remnants of saints were thought to have spiritual power. A link to the materiality of this world to the spiritual realm of heaven. One could have contact with the relic to connect spiritual through the saints to jesus. Style of book is to appreciate context of book. Style of pages suggest entire book of 4 gospels with its illustrations was all made by one person. Investment of not only material resources, but also time. Body of cuthbert was moved there in 1104. Charles says i can do better and conquers all of these other territories to make a unififed realm in western europe. In order to do that he has to do two major things. Does both these things and this allows him to militarily expand and consolidate this region. Charles goes to rome and is crowned by the pope and given the title emperor. There hasn"t been an emperor for over 300 years.