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Lecture 3

FAH246 Week 3

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University of Toronto St. George
Mark Cheetham

FAH246 Sept 26 Lecture 12/6/2012 10:45:00 AM Sept 26 2012 LECTURE Cubism was experimental style for Picasso and Braque. 60’s late 70’s rumors of paintings death Right of passage for avant-garde artists to experiment with cubism? Mondrian wasn’t interested in 3d cubism he preferred 2d th artists fascinated by 4 dimension. Experimenting with it very interested in non Euclidian geometry? Radical senses of spirituality and space did not just come from manipulation of interior elements but were very important Pablo Picasso, Still-Life with Chair Caning 1911 p.111 (p.106-111) inventing whole new form “collage” putting together different elements. ***Compare with the human condition Renee real faux chair canning (oil cloth) and rope so it seems like the seat of a chair. In person obviously stuck on but looking at the image its not obvious Half of the word journal, jouer (newspaper or to play) dragged pigment over top of oil cloth aka chair canning. Gives you distinctions in levels of surface and reality cuz u can actually see that the paint has been put on top letters are stenciled on “jou” *possibilities of illusion on very obviously 2D surface so that it falls in the confines of painting Picasso, Guitar 1912 p.38 (p.32-39) Bar table with Guitar 1913 Sculpture at the time was carved and casted bronze or steel. Guitar assembled out of different parts. Artistic tradition. Analytic cubism -distinction of different parts and reassembling them Synthetic cubism Resynthesizing parts Pablo Picasso, Violin, 1912, p.113 (p.112-117) “Photographic composition with construction with guitar player”, 1913 posed photograph. Was working in 2D and 3D 1911-13 different layers of meaning in synthetic cubism works. A lot of newspaper prints have to do with WW1. Is it an accident that he chose these one if not how topical were artists works at this time? Picasso, Olga Picasso in an Armchair (detail), 1917 p. 167 (p.166-171) Olga was a Russian ballerina got married to him shortly after this painting was done sense that because of the chaos of ww1 return to order stillness carefulness. Definitely stop avant-garde during ww1 Picasso fled **What we can and should do about the war? Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, summer, 1873 rococo ere to them nude, poise etc.. by 1915/16 a few artists seemed to be backing away from the radicallity of some of the works synthetic cubism.. Dada -different versions of how it got its name. somebody blinded folded Stabbed a knife in the middle of a dictionary. Etc.. wide spread European movement. Zurich, Berlin, Peg over, Germany and .. Berlin dada exhibition -movement against movements art against art against academies, beauty, fame etc.. Anti-war 1920 German side. Showing what the war was and did how useless and senseless it was Dada didn’t have a strong manifesto it just came out over and over again Futurists glorify war especially Marinetti Photomontage photos cut pasted and re deployed. Hannah Hoch best artist of this style allows you to see very clearly what photomontage was/is? from contemporary sources magazines, photos etc aren’t signature individual works worked with Raul Housman Dada collaborative movement Hoch, Cut with kitchen knife 1919/wedding couple p.175 (p.15-21, 174-179, 214-219) biting commentary shown in odd situations bizarre way, surreal, cubist elements –letters, pieces of text, dada words to identify movement. Materialism felt to be rampant at the time. Titles are biting? Pictures cut from five decades of Life magazine.. Geoffrey Farmer, leaves of grass at Documenta 13. Orlowski/Reuters Canadian artist 60-70 feet long selected cut mounted stretched out review DIX, Der Krieg (War) Cycle (field of shell cultures near Dontrien lit up by flares) 1924 (etching) Results of WW1 especially for losing side devastating in 1920’s. Auto DIX series of graphic works no ppl cuz how can there be a person left? Otto Dix, Portrait of the Jounalist Sylvia von Harden, 1926 p.212 (p.208-213) Grosz, Fir for Service, 1919 darkly humorous so desperate for bodies to feed into the trenches that they would take anybody. Grosz, Pillars of Society, 1926 p.209 (p.208-213) bitterly sarcastic causes of war business ppl, killers of there society. Upstanding citizens, foundation of society not so foundational “new objectivity” look at society picks up on both German expressionism and dada in order to in a sense use and reject expressionism in a sense that it focused on human emotions, validity of …. Don’t see wild colors. Very clean but also disgusting. Dada didn’t think art had the answers. reveal and reform to a certain extent its own society through really hard hitting war. Not all of dada art was political. Berlin dada certainly was. Direct personal link surrealism and dada was Max
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