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Lecture 3

FAH377 Week 3

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Jane Wolf

January 23. 2013 FAH377 Landscape Architecture Week 3 Title: Riverside Street Architect: Fredrick Law Olmsted & Calvert Vaux Date: 1868 to 1869 Medium: photograph Riverside is a 1600 acre community along the Des Plaines River west of Chicago. Public amenity. suburban development = new transportation systems street cars and trains first available to the wealthy then became available to middle classes. Title: Beaver Brook Cited by Charles Elliot in “The Waverly Oaks”(1890) Medium: Photograph Beaver Brook's historic significance includes reminders of its past; the remains of a 19th century fulling mill, the historic Robert Morris Copeland House (c.1835) and a monument to the Waverly Oaks, perhaps the most famous trees of the 1890's Title: The Waverly Oaks of Belmont & Waltham Cited by Charles Elliot in “The Waverly Oaks” (1890) Medium: Photograph taken in 1895 Referred to trees in Massachusetts. a plan to save ancient trees threatened by urban development and in order to do that had to be understand as something important to the public. 1 January 23. 2013 Title: A broad valley of the Southeastern Fells (whose trees, about to hide the Blue Hill Range, have already hidden the valley of the Mystic) Architect/ Artist: Charles Elliot Date: 1894 Medium: Drawings (before & after) Removement of trees suddenly reveals valley (lake and folly) beyond that had been previously hidden. Two drawings showing direct media comparison. Drawings show modesty of his technique, underplays and softens ambition of proposal. Technique is profound and revolutionary. Not his own invention, Humphrey Reckton worked in 18 th cent. Britain using same strategy in early versions of a pop up book. Sublime. Rhetorical strategy. Title: Plan for the Metropolitan District of Boston: OPEN SPACES Proposal to the Metropolitan Park Commission Architect/Artist: Charles Eliot Date: 1892 Medium: Plan Boston experienced huge population growth. Environmental catastrophe no longer able to be cleaned by the tides-all the water just sat there no way of getting rid of it. The Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation also manages a system of parkways which serve to connect the urban public to the open spaces; among these are busy streets such as Jamaica way in Boston as well as secluded park roadways in uninhabited areas such as the Blue Hills Reservation Parkways. 2 January 23. 2013 Title: Boston, London, Paris Maps. Architect/Architect: Charles Elliot Medium: Maps Date of Image: 1892 Park schemes are all great other than Boston’s. Here Boston is a contender to toher ip. International cities that show both Olmsted’s and Eliot’s work. Scale comparison. Olmsted project owned by government ownership while Eliot’s were owned by public ownership. Barren Houssman remade Paris. 1 to dost work on metropolitan park system for Boston and in his report to trustees does rhetorical trick –says Boston is a low capital made drawing comparing parks here to London and Paris parks showing Boston’s poor parks powerful incentive to thinking abt development of more comprehensive system Title: Back Bay Fens Architect: Fredrick Law Olmsted & Associates Date: 1878 to 1896 Medium: Photograph Date of Image: 1904 Picturesque. Part of Boston's Emerald Necklace parks system. Is a parkland and urban wild in Boston, Massachusetts, in the U.S. It is essentially an ancient spot of saltwater marshland that has been surrounded by dry land, disconnected from the tides of the Atlantic Ocean, and landscaped into a park with fresh water within. The park is also known as the Fens or the Fenway. The latter term can also refer to the surrounding neighborhood. Shallow area. Raw sewage. Make a way to hold storm water on surface of the ground 1 goal sanitary 2 nd restore/construct salt marsh. The area became malodorous with time as it became tainted with sewage from the growing settlement. For the dual purpose of eliminating the health and aesthetic problem created by the polluted bay waters and creating new and valuable Boston real estate, a series of land reclamation projects was begun in 1820 and continued for the rest of the century. The filling of present-day Back Bay was completed by 1882. Filling reached Kenmore Square in 3 January 23. 2013 1890 and finished in the Fens in 1900. These projects more than doubled the size of the Shawmut Peninsula. Olmsted designed the Fens to be flushed by the tides twice daily. However, in 1910 a dam was constructed at Craigie's Bridge, closing the Charles River estuary to the ocean tides and forming a body of freshwater above the dam. Thus, the Fens became a freshwater lagoon regularly accepting storm water from the Charles River Basin. Created for drainage outlet and storage and to control water flow. Like Central park over time ppl began to think city had grown around. 1180 tidal flow reduced water not moved so full of mosquitos. Tended to flood. Title: General Plan of Franklin Park Architect: Frederick Law Olmsted & Associates Date: 1883 to 1896 Medium: Plan Date of Image: 1883 Beside Arnold Arboretum. Had been the site of dozens of farms, peaceful not dramatic scenery accessible by boats and road. Olmsted said “gentle long narrow valley at once supplied type of scenery most soothing by any presented by nature. Not sublime or picturesque. 2 parts of the park. anti park provisions for sport an other activities. Gathering long terrace similar to the mall at central park. Nursery and reflector hill on left side. No subdivisions program use nothing in country park just one big space surrounded by dense planting along bottom right perimeter. Where ur seeing the woods is the side of valley. Country Park 2 park. View to blue hills and Arnold Arboretum from Franklin. Title: Untitled (The Riverway) Architect: Frederick Law Olmsted & Associates Photographer: Thomas Ellison Date: 1878 to 1896 Medium: Photograph Date of Image: c. 1900 Part of Boston's Emerald Necklace parks system. Park solved transportation and drainage problems. Extensive tree planting. No way to stop ppl from building ugly houses but that their houses had to be built further from the road and had to have at least one
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