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Lecture

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Department
Art
Course
FAH230H1
Professor
Giancarla Periti
Semester
Fall

Description
Week 2 Sept. 17 Brunelleschi and Masaccio: the method of linear perspective  How Brunelleschi solve the problem in Florence Renaissance and how he launch a new language by studying Asian monuments  Continue the topic in Florence and How Linear perspective is transferred in different media Plan of Florence: Cathedral th  Early 15 century  Major Italian city  Major works of architectures are completed  The cathedral is the “mother church”, site of bishop seat, only one cathedral in a city  Connected to the Baptist and bishops Filippo Brunelleschi – Dome of Florence Cathedral 1429-36  Built for almost a century, following the plans by several architects  The cathedral is huge – major technical problems the workers lack the knowledge to build the dome  At that moment, sculpture Brunelleschi (not architects!!) supply a plan for this surface o Internal + external ribs - 2 shells reinforce each other o Economic material + solid, permanent structure! o Major innovation without great difficulty and expense  Antonio Manetti  He went to Rome and study (Pantheon ) o Provides the answer of how Burnelleschi came into that solution; how the material is used, how the ancient temples has built etc.  Plan o A solution based on geometrical units repeated itself throughout the church o Replicated in the height of the crossing dome o An innovation that continue to be used for other buildings and have huge impact on others  Foundling Hospital o Once he solved, he became the most wanted artists o Civic foundation (practical role) – charitable institution provided shelter to the poor, innocence and orphans o Practical use – with long lodge (corridor) , stay there before admitted into the building, transfer this into a beautiful bazar o Harmony – by study ancient monuments , adopted the language of Acient architecture  Well decorated capitals, embedded the very detail in the buildings  Arch – local grey sand stone (economical )  Grey and white – a sequence of perfected architecture  Repetition – a sequence of geometrical square repeated in the lodger o Babies being rapped up in Cloth  Later addition, special technique by the Robbia Family  Part of Brunelleschi’s plan, although died in 1440s  Lead our eyes to travel from one arches to other  San Lorenzo church o A religious church, church close to the palace o Medici - The most outstanding family in Florence, family of bankers o Brunelleschi intervened the nave by proposing dividing up the nave into those arches (identical model as the hospital) o Allow the light to come in o Main achievements: Old Sacristy  Geometrical unit Repeating in the crossing and the old sacristy  Originally used as a family space for the Medici  Arch, frame in the same way (2 colours)  A sense of special packness and order in an effective way o **EXAM**Same building, same architecture, but different use, constructed according to the same geometrical unit *record* Michelozzo di Bartolomeo, Façade Medici Palace, Begun 1446  Across the street of San Lorenzo  Michelozzo di Bartolomeo: a follower of Brunelleschi  1446 Brunelleschi died – supplied a plan for this project but the planned building was too grande, another plan is made  Follows the same rules of order, harmony and unity that Brunelleschi has set for the design of architectures th  15 century, the ground floor is opened, more like a lodger, arches are opened and serving the Medici for Business and is very convenient th  16 century these ground
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