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FAH246 Sept 26 - Cubism.docx

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Mark Cheetham

FAH246 -Sept 26 CUBISM –Painting  PICASSO , BRAQUE  Sculptural expression in cubism, motion and simultaneity  Sense of motion, seeing different thing and facets of one thing, dynamism - in sculpture you also get sense of dynamism - Was experimental style, not in one medium, but it becomes very traditional in 20 centuryth - Painting still remains central to experimentation - Other artists in France and elsewhere also experimenting with cubism, apart from Picasso and Braque - Impatient style - Mondrian, Malevich - Became a right of passage for Avant-garde artists to find out what they could - Cubism still dealt with three dimensional space - Molinari thought Mondrian got rid of cubist space. Dialectic in Mondrian’s paintings really old fashioned, he thought it needed to be purified. He tried to radicalize cubism, we can see the struggle within stylistic designation - Very important in cubist painting is that you get references outside the contour of canvas - Lettering in cubism is very important, as well as every part of the canvas - All of these artists were fascinated with the notion of the fourth dimension, experimenting with the impossible. - They were interested in those radical temporalities and the temporality of space - Manipulation of interior elements that were dark Picasso Still life with chair canning -1912 - Inventing a whole new form: collage - Many think of this as the first collage - Puts together different elements, compare to Magritte The human Condition - Different aspects of reality: stuck on real piece of chair back, real fake chair canning, applying this surface - Zones of transition - Strange distinctions among different levels of surface as in levels of reality, he plays with that - Illusion of letters standing, allusion to manipulation of surface. All these passages - Brings change in the possibility of illusion in an obviously 2d surface - Doesn’t state the confines of painting, gives you different techniques, collage, de-colle (pieces that are glued on), a new technique for sculpture - Speculate as to what is real? - Sculpture, is this a new technique: up to this point, sculpture was reduced to cast, bronze or steel –yet his Guitar is assembled or constructed - Analytic and synthetic cubism. Refers to a method: analysis and distinction of different part/ and the synthetic: is synthesis of different parts, re assembling of sculptures and re- synthetizing those parts. It applies to the way the work was done. *Artists very often set up their studios, he shows you the kind of experimentation he was involved in * working in 2d and 3d *different layers of meaning of synthetic cubist works Picasso Violin –many layers  To what extent are we supposed to read the pieces of newspaper articles?  Dealing with WWI, is it an accident? If it wasn’t, how topical or synthetic were cubist works at this time? 1  Are they meant to have a political message as well as a semiotic content in the manipulation of signs and images? Schchukin  Art dealer, and many others were tempted, these were all auctions  By mid WWI quite a few artists including Picasso, seemed in retrospect to be backing away from the radicality of some of the works that we looked at. They would come up with images like Olga WAR AND ART Picasso Olga  Perfection  She was a ballerina in the Ballet Russe  Sense that because of the chaos and unspeakable instability of WWI, theres a return to order.  Return to stillness, foot on the break of the avant-garde wildness  Many fled the war, stayed out of it, but they were affected by it.  Relationship between art and war.  Is this a painting a reaction to war? Is this the kind of work we should be focusing on? Selection. DADA At about the same time up to 1920s, is DADA - Café Voltaire in Zurich - Berlin - Hanover - New york - Berlin DADA exhibition 1920- brought together a lot of the artists that were important. - Contradictorily, it was a movement against movements, art against art, academy, fame, beauty, anti-war - Can art be effectively political? Does it make a statement or is it just the product of frustration? - Showing foolishness of conflict in European society, a meaningful vehicle? - Dada techniques and strategies influence through the later part of the 20 thcentury and artists response to the Vietnam war later on - Development of collage and photomontage - What do artists do with WWI? Hannah Hoch Cut with the Kitchen Knife -1919  Innovator of style  Collage elements and lose cubist elements  She uses things from contemporary sources, for some kind of commentary, they are not individual works  Dada was collaborative sometimes as traditional stands  Some cubist elements, letters  Biting satire commentary on their own society through the use of such titles OTHER RESPONSES TO WWI  These are all reactions within the avant -garde
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