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Mark Cheetham

FAH246: November 21 Lecture Entropy: the extension and extinction of energy in a system ; the dissolution of any organization within a system to disorganization Smithson - spiral jetty, great salt lake, Utah, 1970 - worried about polluting spiral jetty - tries to locate his work right in nature but still near and close to industrial area and the golden spike - golden state national park - chose a very remote and naturally beautiful sight, not pristine however - not trying to hide this work - "fragments of a timeless geology laugh without mirth at the time-filled hopes of ecology" - smithson - behaves like a natural elements, was submerged under sea level and recently reemerged - made a film about its construction and wrote an essay called spiral jetty Nancy Holt - Sun Tunnels, 1973 - huge culverts - 18 by 19 feet - they bring the sky or heavens down to earth - catch the light of the sun and project constellations - isn't just an earth work but also an interplanetary work - built during US and Russian space exploration are at its height Ana Mendieta - Guabanvex, Goddess of the Wind Form, 1981 - created many similar pieces Smithson- Towards the development of a cinema cavern, 1971 - literally an underground cinema of a miner progressing through a cavern Mendieta - Silueta, 1977 - large series done in the US - use her own body to make shapes in sand - water would come in and blend pigments and eventually wash piece away - about the relationship between the body and the earth Christo and Jeanne Claude - Running Fence, California 1976 - long piece running across hilly area of California - this was going to be a disruptive piece to farmers - about social negotiation - allowing them to use their land - not solely an alteration of the earth Richard Serra - Tilted Arc, 1981 - large and purposefully obstructive metal structures - across a plaza for an office building - unpopular piece, didn't see it as art but just something that got in their way - felt insecure, created wind vectors - politicians said to take it down - 1989 finally took it out, had it destroyed because Serra said it could not be moved The Penultimate Lecture: 10 artists since the 1980's Warhol, Richter, Snow, Wodiczko Warhol knew what would sell and what people wanted to see - when from famous people (Marilyn Monroe) Marilyn Diptych - 1962 - liked the ones which came out different - repetitive but still different Brillo box, 1964 - made to look like those boxes not actually boxes - -making philisophical points about culture - -Warhol self portraits - he was constantly looking at celebrity - he is also constantly distancing that individuality - making his own image well known but also distancing himself from it Self portrait, 1979 - first artist to use Polaroid a lot because of its instant result - very interested in technique and technology - by the 80's he was on the up again - in the 60's he was huge! Self portrait, 1986 - female alterego - Warhol refers to the factory a lot- place of his work - Someone almost killed him in his factory in 1968 , shot him - Died in a bizarre way in late 50s due to a complication in a basic surgery Warhol in the silver factory with Liz and Elvis - what's not always discussed is his later work Shadow works - shadows he took pictures of, blew up and painted - painted them in a series - shadows in the history of art are completely important - it is a very important theme Oxidation painting, 1978 - great surface quality, random in texture - prime canvas with copper material and would have people urina
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