AST101H1 Lecture Notes - Migratory Birds Convention Act, Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, Environment And Climate Change Canada

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3 Feb 2013
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Environmental issues are a growing concern in Canada. Although there are numerous
acts put in place to enhance the quality of the natural habitat, only a few are used to maintain the
quality of the Environment. The common legislations that outline Environmental issues are,
Antarctic Environmental Protection Act (AEPA), Canadian Environmental Protection Act,
1999, Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, and Species at Risk Act. The most significant act
is the Environmental Enforcement Act, which is seen to prohibit environmental damage and
provides the safety of the environment.
The Antarctic Environmental Protection Act (AEPA) was enacted in 2003 to protect the
Antarctic environment. The treaty was implemented to allow overseas activities in the Antarctic.
This act is subjected for anyone who is part of a Canadian expedition in the Antarctic, permanent
residents and Canadian Corporations1. During the twentieth century, many countries were
involved in a controversy on claiming various parts of the Antarctic. This controversy leads to
the development of the Antarctic Treaty which was signed in 1959 and was established in 1961.
The purpose of this treaty was to ensure that the Antarctic land is used for nonviolent activities.
Therefore, this treaty prohibits military violence, illegal scientific research, nuclear explosion
and radioactive waste2. After the negation in1961, twelve international countries have agreed to
this treaty and are active3. The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is
commonly recalled as the Madrid Protocol which came in force in 1998. Thirty countries are
1 Environment Canada - Pollution and Waste - The Antarctic Environmental Protection Act. (2010, June
15).Environnement Canada - Environment Canada. Retrieved April 13, 2012, from
http://www.ec.gc.ca/gdd-mw/default.asp?lang=En&n=56303427-1
2 Environment Canada - Pollution and Waste - The Antarctic Environmental Protection Act. (2011, June
15).Environnement Canada - Environment Canada. Retrieved April 15, 2012, from
http://www.ec.gc.ca/gdd-mw/default.asp?lang=En&n=8A51550D-1
3 Trusteeship. "Virtual Antarctica History: Antarctic Treaty." Computing. Terraquest, .Web. 16 May 2012.
<http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/~kpt/terraquest
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