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Department
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Course
AST101H1
Professor
Michael Reid
Semester
Fall

Description
Environmental issues are a growing concern in Canada. Although there are numerous acts put in place to enhance the quality of the natural habitat, only a few are used maintain the quality of the Environment. The common legislations that outline Environmental issues are, Antarctic Environmental Protection Act (AEPA), Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, and Species at Risk Act. The most significant act is the Environmental Enforcement Act which is seen to prohibit environmental damage and provides the safety of the environment. The Antarctic Environmental Protection Act (AEPA) was assented in 2003 to protect the Antarctic environment. The Antarctic treaty was implemented to allow overseas activities in the Antarctic. This act is entitled for anyone who is part of a Canadian expedition in the Antarctic, permanent residents and Canadian Corporations . During the twentieth century, many countries were involved in a controversy on claiming various parts of the Antarctic. This controversy had lead to the development of the Antarctic Treaty which was signed in 1959 and was established in 1961. The purpose of this treaty was to ensure that the Antarctic land is used for nonviolent activities. Therefore, this treaty prohibits military violence, illegal scientific research, nuclear 2 explosion and radioactive waste . After the negation in1961, twelve international countries have agreed to this treaty and are active. The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is commonly recalled as the Madrid Protocol which came in force in 1998. Thirty 1 Environment Canada - Pollution and Waste - The Antarctic Environmental Protection Act. (2010, June 15).Environnement Canada - Environment Canada. Retrieved April 13, 2012, from http://www.ec.gc.ca/gdd-mw/default.asp?lang=En&n=56303427-1 2 Environment Canada - Pollution and Waste - The Antarctic Environmental Protection Act. (2011, June 15).Environnement Canada - Environment Canada. Retrieved April 15, 2012, from http://www.ec.gc.ca/gdd-mw/default.asp?lang=En&n=8A51550D-1 countries are involved in this treaty and Canada takes part in all activities in the Antarctic. Therefore, Canada established the Antarctic Environmental Protection Act (AEPA) in 2003 . 3 The Canadian Environmental Protection Act, (CEPA) was enacted in 1999 to prevent 4 pollution and input of toxic chemicals in bodies of water . CEPA does not only protect the environment, it also prevents unknown diseases that we humans are vulnerable to. This act is one of most significant act in the federal environmental legislation that is daily referred to. CEPA came into force on March 30 , 2000 and records show that there has been an improvement on 5 how corporations treat the environment due to the penalties they would have to face . To maintain and prevent any environmental damage, CEPA has des
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