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Biochemistry (382)
BCH210H1 (352)
Lecture 9

lecture 9 carbohydrates

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Department
Biochemistry
Course
BCH210H1
Professor
Stavroula Andreopoulos
Semester
Summer

Description
Lecture 9 Text Notes Carbohydrates - generally categorized into three groups: monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides - monosaccharide – simple sugar of the formula (CH O) – cannot be broken 2 n down into smaller sugars under mild conditions - oligosaccharide – consists of two to ten simple sugar residues - disaccharides are common in nature, as well as trisaccharides to a lesser degree - four to six oligosaccharides are usually bound covalently to other molecules like glycoproteins - polysaccharides – polymers of the simplest sugars and their derivatives – linear or branched polymers – may contain hundreds or even thousands of monosaccharide units Monosaccharides - typically three to seven carbon atoms - labelled as an aldose or ketose, depending on whether the molecule contains and aldehyde or a ketone group - glyceraldehyde – simplest aldose - dih
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