CHM135H1 Lecture Notes - Atom, Molecular Geometry, Bond Length

35 views30 pages
Published on 27 Jan 2013
School
Department
Course
Professor
1
Study of compounds containing carbon
What is Organic Chemistry?
Organic compounds also contain H, N, O, P, S, Cl…
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 30 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
2
Organic Chemistry was first (and wrongly!) defined in 1770:
Compounds from living organisms
contain “vital force” that can’t be made in the lab
Organic
sugars
plant oils
starches
waxes
urea
Inorganic
salts
rocks
gases
Vitalism disproved in 1828
Wöhler made urea (found in urine) from an inorganic salt:
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 30 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
3
Why is Carbon special?
Not very electronegative (shares well, makes strong covalent bonds)
Can make long C-C chains or rings (biological molecules can have
from 1 C to millions!)
C can make up to four bonds.
http://www.columbia.edu/cu/opg/images/dna.jpg
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 30 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.