# Notes taken during lecture

LECTURE 12 – Thermodynamics

Slide No. Notes

3-q represents heat, or the transfer of thermal energy, which is another

type of kinetic energy

-restating delta E = -PdeltaV plus q, which q being equal to delta E

plus P delta V

-common kinds of reactions

7- the addition sign is circled because the negative sign for work has already

been included

8-Ex. A)

-A change in volume from 0.274 L to 448L

-W = -p times delta V = -(1atm)(448L-0.274L) = -447.7 Latm times

(101J/Latm)(kJ/1000J) = -45.2kJ

-Negative sign means energy lost, leaving system, so work is done on

surroundings

-Ex. B)

-W = -p times delta V = -1atm(5.6L)(101J/Latm) = -566J

-Ex. B) part 2

-Delta E = q + w = -(484kJ) + (-566J) = -484.6kJ

9 -What is absolutely true is B

-What could be true is all of them, so E

10 -heat capacity depends on amount of substance

-specific heat capacity – the amount is specified

-for water, specific heat capacity is around 2 – so it takes 2J to raise 1g

of water by 1 degree C

-metals have low heat capacities

11 -Ans: A

-Al transfers more energy, therefore melts more wax

12 -calorimeter is the surroundings; reaction is the system

-energy is conserved, so energy that is lost to the system goes to the

surroundings

NEXT

LEC

1-bomb calorimeter – how much water warms up or cools down

-in an insulated box so that any heat lost goes into the water

2-any energy goes into water

-EX. q of surr = q of water = C of water times mass times change in

temperature = 4.18J/gC (250g)(7.48C)(kJ/1000J) = 7.82 kJ

-Q of rxn = - q of surr = -7.82kJ

5- extensive – because enthalpy differs for 1 mole of reactants compared to 5

moles

6- enthalpy is a state function

8-EX.

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## Document Summary

3 q represents heat, or the transfer of thermal energy, which is another type of kinetic energy restating delta e = -pdeltav plus q, which q being equal to delta e plus p delta v common kinds of reactions. The addition sign is circled because the negative sign for work has already been included. A change in volume from 0. 274 l to 448l. W = -p times delta v = -(1atm)(448l-0. 274l) = -447. 7 latm times (101j/latm)(kj/1000j) = -45. 2kj. Negative sign means energy lost, leaving system, so work is done on surroundings. W = -p times delta v = -1atm(5. 6l)(101j/latm) = -566j. Delta e = q + w = -(484kj) + (-566j) = -484. 6kj. Ex. q of surr = q of water = c of water times mass times change in temperature = 4. 18j/gc (250g)(7. 48c)(kj/1000j) = 7. 82 kj. Q of rxn = - q of surr = -7. 82kj. Extensive because enthalpy differs for 1 mole of reactants compared to 5 moles.