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Lecture 6

CHM135H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Phosphorus Trichloride, Phosphorus Pentachloride, Haber Process


Department
Chemistry
Course Code
CHM135H1
Professor
Dvira Segal
Lecture
6

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Chemical Equilibrium
and its Applications
Chapter 13
Chapter 15 excluding 15.9, 15.15
Chapters 14 excluding 14.10, 14.11, 14.16
Self-study 15.10 15.14
The equilibrium state:
a review
Metastable
state
From physics:
Not at
equilibrium
Equilibrium

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From chemistry: The Haber process (1909):
Fritz Haber
Nobel Laureate, 1918
N2(g) + 3 H2(g) 2 NH3(g)
" . . . only about half of the population of
the late 1990s could be fed at (a) generally
inadequate per capita level without
ammonium nitrate.
V. Smil
1.0 x 1012 moles/year
Metastable
state
N2(g) + 3 H2(g) 2 NH3(g)
From chemistry: The Haber process (1909):

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Domain of thermodynamics
Reaction progress
N2 and H2
NH3
Domain of kinetics
Metastable
state
How to get N2(g) + 3 H2(g) 2 NH3(g) to go forward??
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