Animation can take up any of the forms rhetorical, categorical, narrative, abstract, and associational. Distinguished by the manner in which it is made, the processes that are involved in its construction. Characterized by at least one of the following two attributes: the presentation of imagery that has no real world status beyond the filmic universe. Cel animation/drawn animation: imagery drawn directly on layers of cellular acetate. Cut-out animation: layering of various planes (paper, celluloid acetate: after image is composed, it is photographed, reality of film is not photographically rendered, it is drawn or rendered through cut out shapes. Computer animation: imagery design and rendered by a computer. Direct animation: using film as a sculptural medium (scratching, drawing, colouring) Claymation/clay animation & puppet animation: imagery is photographically rendered, but contents has a fragile relationship to reality, imagery occupies a terrain of fantasy, simulation, and miniaturization: the creation of movement through a succession of individual static images.