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Lecture 8

CLA160H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Latin Rights, Bacchanalia, Roman Citizenship

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CLA310 - Religion in the Roman World
Wednesday Nov 7, 2012 - MY BIRTHDAY!!
Lecture 8 - The Roman Provinces
-- Missing First 15 Minutes --
Communities in the Provinces
Three kinds:
1) Coloniae
Towns set up and founded by Rome for Roman citizens
From very early date - way back in Republic
What features make it different from other kinds of town?
Rome could go into a place that already existed and renamed it coloniae and trans-
form the people
Or when there were land crisis in Italy native born Roman citizens who didn’t have
land could be given land out in a colony in an area that would become a province
Most colonies involve Roman citizens who are very Roman (speak latin, carry tradi-
tional religious practices, worship of traditional deities, familiarity with religious and
civil law)
When Rome founded colonies in Italy, the whole peninsula is not Rome; originally
Italy was full of tribes which dialects and cultures similar to Rome but not identical
Coloniae would have Roman institutions like pontifices, augerers, etc
People who were specially trained were brought out to the colonies
duovuiri - 2 officials; small scale version of consuls, kind of like having 2 mayors
The founding of the colony would mirror the founding of Rome
Auspices taken in the colonies based on the myth of Romulus and Remus watching
Dig a furrow over what was to be boundary of the city - sanctus but not necessarily a
2) Municipiae
Not full on Roman citizens but had latin rights - watered down version of ROman citi-
Didn’t have same voting rights
If you were a local magistrate in one of these communities, after you were done with
your term you could become a full on Roman citizen
Under pressure to act as Roman as possible
Would hope to turn into a coloniae
3) Towns without Roman status
Had no special status
The people may have own gov’t and citizenship
Romans might say they belonged to a city but they aren’t a Roman city - we rule them
They wouldn’t consider themselves without citizenship
Native identity perhaps more important than becoming Roman
Most traditional Roman culture in colonies, and later in municipiae are you to find the same
Roman influence but a little watered down. Towns without Roman status will likely preserve
their native traditions

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CLA310 - Religion in the Roman World
Wednesday Nov 7, 2012 - MY BIRTHDAY!!
Lecture 8 - The Roman Provinces
Under Caracalla everyone gets Roman citizenship
Pre-caracalla vs post-caracalla (212) changes view of citizenship
If you get expelled from your community you lose all citizenship (post-Caracalla)
Gaius, Institutes 2.5-7
On provincial soil - not religiousus as their ownership depends on Roman people or Caesar
Treated as if it were
Whatever in the provinces is not consecrated as sacer, but is treated as though it were pro-sacro
(as if it were sacer)
Basically the Romans dealt with the property of Gods in the provinces by assuming that land
for native gods is still sacer so as not to rock the boat
Not uprooting normal religious structures
How does this work in practice?
10.4c - d - communication between Pliny the younger and Trajan
What kind of authority does Pliny have?
What is Pliny’s concern in each letter? Why does he consult Trajan?
Letter 1 about Temple of Mater Magna
Native cult, no Roman tradition
They want to move the temple and there is no ritual for it
In Rome if you involve the gods property you have to have a special performance so
the god(ess) knows what goes on (don’t worry your temple isn’t going anywhere!)
Pliny writes to Trajan because he was the ponitificus maximus and supposed to be the
main specialist
Desire to seek favor of the emperor?
The province had been really badly managed before and Pliny is a very precise person
(ahem like me!)
There weren’t a ton of laws he Romans could implant on provinces and Pliny did not
have a lot of st rupture when he got there
He was ware of the Gaius’ law but wasn’t sure if it applied to the province
These letters were kept in order to be consulted later
Letter 2 - moving bodies
People want to move bodies because of damage
What is Trajan’s response? How does it relate to Gaius’s discussion of Roman property law?
Letter 1
The response is from an imperial scribe whose duty is just to deal with correspondents
from Provinces
They would have the training to respond properly
He may have run it by Trajan or may not have
Trajan says to go ahead and move the temple as the soil doesn’t have same status as
How does this relate to what Gaius had said?
Sort of in tandem and sort of contradictory
Letter 2
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