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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 - Athens Between the Wars

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Adriana Brook

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CLA160 Lecture 5JULY13/2011
Athens Between the Wars (479-431 BCE)
Sparta, still in charge of Greek fleet headed by Pausanias, a general
They made sure the Black Sea was free of Persians because the area of the Black Seas is
abundant in supplies, such as grains and timber that the Greeks need
Later on, Pausanias was thought to be tyrannical
Other polis thought Athens would be better in charge of the Greek fleet, and casually put Athens
at its head
Sparta didnt oppose the decision, since they specialized in a land army rather than a navy.
PLUS, Sparta has problems with its helots, and sending the army to manage the Greek
fleets would diminish their forces keeping the helots in line
Athens, as the head, was the beginning of the end
Athens felt that it needed something to prove to show that they are just as strong, and
good as the Sparta in terms of military
Athens was happy being the head of the fleet because Athens heavily relied on imports and
supplies like grains and timber coming from the Black Sea area with the command of the Greek
fleet, they could make sure Persian presence is gone to ensure their continued use of
resources/supplies in and around the Black Sea
Delian League: naval alliance consisting of coastal regions of Asia Minor, Black Sea, around
Greece, and small islands
Named after the island of Delos, where the treasury was stored
Purpose: (1) protect Greece, in case of Persian attacks (2) Punish Persia for plundering
Payment to the league depends on how big the polis is and their available resources 
smaller polis = money contribution; bigger polis = ships; EXCEPTION small polis with good
resources (i.e. mines) would mean bigger contribution to the league or big polis but lacking
in resources would mean smaller contribution
As the head of the naval fleet, as well as the League, Athens chooses its own naval officers and
rowers the rowers come from the poor section of the Athenian population
From Delian League to Empire
Creation of the Delian League: 478/7 BCE
Carystus ca. 475 BCE
Carystus, Greek polis, refused to join the league, and so Athens forced them by having the
league attack them in their weakened states, a Persian attack would be problematic, and
thus, needed the leagues protection
Revolt of Naxos ca. 471 BCE
Naxos wanted to leave the alliance and Athens forcibly made them stay by attacking them
and stripping them of everything, making them dependent on the leagues protection
Battle of Eurymedon River: 468 BCE
Destroyed Persian fleet in and around the Aegean and Black Seas
Therefore, its not necessary to have the Delian League anymore
Revolt of Thasos: 465 BCE same as Naxos
Campaigns in Egypt, Cyprus, Phoenicia and Persia ca. 460-455 BCE
Athens thought they could expand further
Athens lost badly decided to stay in Greece and stop expanding out into the surrounding
Delian League treasury moved to Athens: 454 BCE
Athens doesnt see the league as a protectorate alliance but a money-grabbing sort of
institution for Athens benefit and the navy
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