CLA160H1 Lecture Notes - Ionian League, Ionian Revolt, Ancient Greek Temple

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Classics
Course
CLA160H1
Jan. 9, 2012
The polis
Communities
- Village= kome (agricultural)- interlinked with blood. With local cult shrine.
o Administration oversight of Mycenaean palaces. After it fell, they were on their own.
o Archaic period, basis for large state structure. Supported Leagues and city states.
o
- Cult associations
o Shared cult center between them with extensive political commonality
o Argive Heraion
Homer Iliad 4.8 & 5.908
Hera of Argos
Heraion sancruary. Nemea (panhellenic games) which breaks into
smaller Cleonai
Heraion temple- earlest archaic greek temple architecture.
Earliest find dates to geometric date site situatied on three manmaid .
Oldest structure-block of stones (built cyclopdes)
Oldest temple were located on top of the palace.
Middle terres were the golen ivory of hera and on this level has the earliest
example of the courtyard with colonnades and stoa
Lower terrest had 7th and 5th C BC
In the temple of hera were the DORIC ORDER of temples:
Temple style of architecture. Temple of Athena and emple of Athena in
assos and pasetum.
Herion, sanctuary pulled in communities physically from geometric period
straight to classical period and another institution which was the sports.
o DELPHI
Panhellenic center.
First pythian games either in 591BC or 586 BC. In the early 6th C BC
On the site of Delphi, LBA sanctuary. Cult association and traditionally the
villiage was associated with python. Resettled by Greeks in 900s and first
evidence of archaic- Apollo was
700 BC and cloest asscoicated was corintians and thessalians. People not local
to Delphi.
Apollo Delphinos- temple associated with him
Thought to relate to arrrialve of priest from crete
Name change was real. Python pythia
8th C composition date at Delphi to A. Delphinos
Oracle of Apollo. Oracle sends out colonies. Poleis with population issues would
send embassies to oracle where they should to and establish their colonies.
Thought that the priest were gatherers of information and give genuine and
helpful advise to consult the oracle.
Consulting was important part of political process.
Wealth was collected when visiting the oracle
o 600-586 BC 1st SACRED WAR: AMPHICTUONIC LEAGUE
Consisted of Thessaly, durians, Ionians, phocians, boeotians, magnesians, etc.
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Dfferent gorupd of greek ppl from mainland and islands
o SACRED WAR 448, 356&340 bC: varies city state to control sanctuary and treasure
o 548 BC temple destroyed and rebuilt with new priests by Alcamaeonids of athnes. Signal
of their power to fund the entire new bigger temple.
o Debree from older ruin temple of statue were buried on the site under the sacred way*
o This is a common practice in the greek world where one temple destroyed all the
debree is still sacred. Thus, dumps of votive deposits and temple debree were still
underneath/ pits of goods, scraps of statues, objects deposited together. This practice
ended up useful to archaelolgist
o Certain groups of communities had their own treasures for their dedicated
o New style called the IONIC ORDER- tall, slender, graceful.
o Associated of groups, creating new institution at delphi
- League= koinon
o Ethnos grouping: people or a tribe.
o Loarge association of community by ethnic bonds.
o Dialectal- linked by blood and language
o Tribal
o BOEOTIA-
north of attica, populated after Neolithic period for agriculture and had viliages
and towns and cities. Home of poet Hesiod- talks about father sails to live at a
town trying to find better place to live. He describes life as agricultural and
himself as shepherd and farmer. Went to Euboea to compete fro funeral game.
He describes community governments of BASILEIS (kingsleader. Local
chieftain) he also suggest that its corrupt taking bribes. (level of authority of
these men to settle matters)
Homeric catalogue of ships- in 8-7th C, this was dense populated with large
centers with many ships
Prominence and exercise locally in thebe, paltaea and tanagara. Formed alliance
with each other leading to boetian legue. Into the roman period and most of the
history, thebes had leadership. Unified with strong narrative of tribal identity.
Even if they fought with each other, they still were bonded by the beotian
identiy rooted into the Homeric myths. At a tribe were the member of Delphic
alphithiony.
o AEOLIS
Northeast agean.
Decesasent of earlier coloniest setn out from beotia (sharing dialect) went to
asia minor end of bronze age.
First habitation owas island of Lesbos and tenedos
Aeolic settlement was a distinct archeitrucutre.
North aeolic were the TROAD
South aeolic formed political league which are aegae, cilla, larissa, pitane,
smyrana and temnos all in CYME
Southern aeolic shared cult centre of Apollo at Gryneum*. Dropped out of
political picture when Ionian took precidents.
o IONIA
Homeric reference to this group when the long tuniced Ionians. Suggests
different type of appearance.
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Document Summary

With local cult shrine: administration oversight of mycenaean palaces. After it fell, they were on their own: archaic period, basis for large state structure. Cult associations: shared cult center between them with extensive political commonality, argive heraion. Nemea (panhellenic games) which breaks into smaller cleonai. Heraion temple- earlest archaic greek temple architecture. Earliest find dates to geometric date site situatied on three manmaid . Oldest temple were located on top of the palace. Middle terres were the golen ivory of hera and on this level has the earliest example of the courtyard with colonnades and stoa. Lower terrest had 7th and 5th c bc. In the temple of hera were the doric order of temples: Temple of athena and emple of athena in assos and pasetum. Herion, sanctuary pulled in communities physically from geometric period straight to classical period and another institution which was the sports: delphi. First pythian games either in 591bc or 586 bc.

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