Jan 16, 2013
Archaic colonization pt. 2
(Adriatic sea, north agean, balck sea, Africa, eygpt)
- Earlier centuries before archaic period, Greeks spread mainland over to eastern side and cost of
- Movement of ioniansover to aisa minor… dorian Greeks swept down to peloponeese
- Thuc 1.12.3-4
o 60th after capture of troy…. Settle in boeotia
o Settlements after Trojan war
- Hes not getting everything right. He suggests colonies couldn’t sent out if theres no peace nor
- In fact not the case… Greeks continually travelledi the midst…colonization perhaps sign that
theres conflict taking place displacedgroups pushed out of their homes and seeking new homes
- Idea of traveling and relocating home was throroughly ingrained in greek culture
- Ex. Two epic narrative iliad and oddessey…touchstone both involved long idstnce travel and
contact wth different groups. (cultural)
- Deals with similar episode of returns of hero of trojna war
- Ojdseey is return and stories that’s now lost.
- These stories dealt with travel and colonization
- Reveal bigger picture of early acquantiance, long distance travl and colonial settlements
- Later 8th C archaic colonization, escalation of activities already common among the Greeks.
- Population rises in 8th C meant more communities are spreading and sendig out colonial
- Population rise trade was important and money making enterprise- al mina
- Erliest colonies are far west, this happened in the east as well
- Due to pehoncians- sea fearing people
o Facilitated many contacts and connection with egpt in far east incentives for Greeks to
do the same thing
o Island of Cyprus* since the brone age, it’s the key node- major trade connecting point
for eastern trade to main agean.
o Incentive taking to sea traveling away was to serve as mercenaries- king and for egpt.
- Greek presence in east…. Nile Delta near Alexandria
- Herodotus pharo Amasis really liked Greece and gave land for polis as community- serve as
trading post and serve offering to their gods largest sanctuary was heleion. He said that the
hellion was founde by men from ionia and group of durians and eoilions from Lesbos.
Additionally, sanctuary to zeus, hera and miltos to Apollo. Patron gods for the home cities
- Strabeo psammetichos I or II.
- Polycharmus egptian historian from ad period dates foundation to 23rd Olympiad 688-685
- Eusebius settlement is back to 8th C
- Evidence that one of sammetichos II likely candicdate founder farther up the nile (south) to
nubia ABU SIMBEL famous graffiti and Anatolian expeidition for psam II. These soliers wrote
heading giving details of expeidition.
o Potasimto (psmameticus) and amasis charge of egptian sol.ider.
o Written by archon with his ax. One the leg of the colossal statue
o This is the monument relocated because it was flooding. Thus, they moved it few miles
o Other Greeks who wrote their names were telephos, helesibios, python, pabis, anaxanor
2 (adriatic sea, north agean, balck sea, africa, eygpt) Earlier centuries before archaic period, greeks spread mainland over to eastern side and cost of asia minor. Movement of ioniansover to aisa minor dorian greeks swept down to peloponeese. Thuc 1. 12. 3-4: 60th after capture of troy . Settle in boeotia: settlements after trojan war. He suggests colonies couldn"t sent out if theres no peace nor settled down. In fact not the case greeks continually travelledi the midst colonization perhaps sign that theres conflict taking place displacedgroups pushed out of their homes and seeking new homes elsewhere. Idea of traveling and relocating home was throroughly ingrained in greek culture. Two epic narrative iliad and oddessey touchstone both involved long idstnce travel and contact wth different groups. (cultural) Deals with similar episode of returns of hero of trojna war. Ojdseey is return and stories that"s now lost. Reveal bigger picture of early acquantiance, long distance travl and colonial settlements.