CLA160H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Enki, Enlil, Amunet

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22 Jun 2013
School
Department
Course
Egyptian Creation Myth Lecture 5
Flood Stories (comparison)
The Bible (genesis 6-9)
Stories from Rome and Greece
Tablet XI (Babylonian epic of Gilgameš)
Eridu genesis (Sumerian original)
The epic of Atrahasis (3rd)
There are many contradictions in the Biblical book, which implies that the
story was taken/put together using more than one source.
Animals enter ark in pairs
Animals come in sevens
Water from below the earth
Water from rain
Flood lasts one year
Flood lasts 40 days
Similarities in the flood stories
Someone builds an Ark and survives
Get on with 7 relatives
Land on a mountain
Make a sacrifice for mankind to continue.
Gilgameš
Bible
Date
1100 BCE
1000-500BCE
Destroyer
Enlil
YHWH
Warning
Indirect order
Direct order
Reason
Unknown
Sin
Cause
Storm/flood
Rain/fountain
Savior
Enki
YHWH
Period
7 days
150/40 days
Destination
Nimuš
Ararat
Fate
Gains immortality
Gains many children
Hero
Ut-napištim
Noah
YHWH = Yahweh which is the name for God in the Old Testament
Review Gilgameš flood story http://www.livius.org/fa-fn/flood/flood3-t-
gilgamesh.html
Egyptian Creation Myth
Were recorded in different methods depending on the period
Old kingdom pyramid texts
Middle kingdom coffin texts
New kingdom book of the dead
Ptolemaic Papyrus
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Document Summary

There are many contradictions in the biblical book, which implies that the story was taken/put together using more than one source. Yhwh = yahweh which is the name for god in the old testament. Were recorded in different methods depending on the period. Before anything existed was the dark waters of nun. The god atum (sun god) was sitting on top of the mound. Atum creates the air god shu (sneezed him out) And the moisture goddess tefnut (vomited/spit her out) One day shu and tefut fell into the nun and were lost. Atum was sad and sent his all seeing eye to find them. When they returned he cried tears of joy. Shu and tefnut come together to make geb and nut. She stretches herself towards the north, south, east, and west. Shu stood between geb and nut to keep them safe. Atum = aged sun god, creator of god and wore the double crown meaning he was the.

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