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26 Jan 2012
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N. greeks who speak a dorian dialect: culture has unique characteristics and traditions. Linear b tablets point to limited literacy. No literacy to early archaic period, 8th c. bc. Collapse of mycenaean society; settlements never rebuilt: when rebuilt, they are on much smaller scale. Population density much lower after collapse of the palaces. Some settlements abandoned in the same period; late halladic period. Pottery produced in subsequent period is at the level of household scale, doesn t appear outside local communities. Fits the notion of a dark age but can be construed. Tablets from pelos (linear b) suggest palaces were destroyed. Many possible explanations but chronologies do not match, e. g. invasion of sea peoples attested to by egyptians. Rapid short term change in rain fall, crop failures, etc. Other suggestions of internal warfare between mycenaean kingdoms. Others suggest dorian invasion (theory disregarded due to lack of evidence). Orthodox dark age and early archaic pottery chronologies.

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