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Lecture

Lec 4.5


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA160H1
Professor
Yuriy Lozynsky

Page:
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They go along a narrow strip of land
The mountains
Battle of Thermopoly
Greek allies helped
Held the for 3 days, destroys ppersian army
3rd day Spartans and Thesbians defeated
Simlutaeneously there was the battle of Artemisium
The Athenian fleet driven off, but destroyed large part of Persian fleet
A storm hit which destroyed more of the Persian fleet
Halted the progress of the invasion
The next major event was the battle of Salamis
Persians went to Delphi, captured Athens itself, destroyed acropolis, occupied the city
Most Athenian population evacuated city and went to Salamis (wait out the war and
see what happens)
Athenians didn’t knjow what to do, asked Delphic oracle
Youll find safety behind the wooden walls (should build wooden walls around
acropolis and defend it)
Themistocles interpretd it as (the ships ) to be the wooden walls
Persian fleet was destroyed
In the same year was the battle of Plataea (Spartan victory on land)
The last of the Persian army was destroyd by the Spartan led army of the greeks
Soon after the Persian fleet and whats left of army heads bacxk to asia minor
The greeks (primarily Athenians and some Spartans) go on the offensive and attack
asia minor
Defeated the Persians again
This is the end of the cooperation between the Spartans and the Athenians
At the end of the battle of Mycale the Athenians and Spartans disagreed
Athenians wanted to continue attacking
Sopartans wanted to go home
That was the last cooperation for the 2 for a while
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Pentakontaetia
The idea of ostracisim
Comes from the world ostrakakon
Voted for ostracism
Broken pottery used to write down the name
Ostracism as an institution was brought to Athens to keep down corruption
Used as a tool (if you had enough support lenient political figures would be voted out
of the city)
The thing about ostracism
The person was to leave for 10 years, then come back
Their property and family could stay
Life resumed when he came back
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Another important development in Athenian history
Was the formation of the delian league
The league was created 478 right after the Persian wars
The idea was that with the fleet they were going to control the Aegean and protect the
greeks from further Persian threats and from piracy
As time goes along,Athens was just one member of this league, had one vote
Carystus island in the eastern Aegean, wanted to get outo f the league early on
Athens forced them to stay in the league
Threatened with military force
Same thing happened with Naxos
The delian league was not very democratic
The common treasury and metting place of the league was on Delos
Athenians removed the illusion that this was a collective league, and moved the
treasury to Athens
Other event in the 450
Where peace of Kallias was signed with Athenians (as representatives of the delian
league) and the Persian king
Persians would not go into the Aegean sea
Asia minor south where Persians would not go
Delian league was no longer needed
The Athenians became more harsh
Also increased the amount of tribute required
And set up things called kleruchies( person in charge is called the kleruch)
A map of the place the delian league controlled
Spartans and everyone else become scared of Athens
Picture of tribute list
What the places were supposed to be given to the treasury
Ships with crews were given
Time along ships would be given but with no crews
Later simply gave money
Athenians used money to build ships and pay crews to man these ships
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Same time the delian league was forming
We have the bloom of Athenian architecture