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Lecture

CLA160H1 Lecture Notes - Novus Homo, Plebs, Lictor


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA160H1
Professor
Yuriy Lozynsky

Page:
of 10
Lec 13
Civil war III
The Principate of Augustus
44 BCE- 14 CE
We have 3 classes left after today
Study guide for final exam will be posted by Monday
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The beginning of the roman empire
Augustus promosted the Principiate
His reign- 27 BC- 47 CE?
Ruled for a long time
Gave stability to the roman system
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Gracchi
Extension of citizenship to allies
Land redistribution
Violence was introduced, was start of the roman revolution
Optimates (elite derive power thru senate and clientele network, could play politics
rough!) vs. Populares (more interested in working thru tribune of pleb, circumventing
power of the senate)
Jugurthine War, Social War and Mithridatic War= the backdrop to the 3 individuals
Pompey, Caesar and the third guy
Sulla=
Went some way towards stabilizing the republican system
Caesar tried to restabilize republican gov (some scholars say)
Took some steps towards that way, then was assassinated
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Republicans= those involved in assassination of Caesar
The people out to save the republic
What institutions Augustus set up
Religious collegia= religious colleges
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Republicans vs. Caesarians
In immediate aftermath after Caesars assassination (in the theater of Pompey)
Shouting that they were saving the republic
Stylized themselves as tyrant killers (a Greek idea)
Drawing on a greek concept
Convinced the romans were going to rise up and thank them!
Didn’t happen!’
A brief cessation of violence
The other faction= Antony’s men have a meeting
Could erupt in civil war, meeting, agreement they came to
During Caesars funeral
Mark Antony and Octavian= tried to show sense of unity, by hosting a funeral for
Caesar
Antony delivered a fantastic eulogium
Eulogium to roman people
Brandished the bloody cloak of Caesar?
People get so irriatted at them they run them out of town
Conspirators leave Italy and go to Greece
Civil war predicted to happen by conspirators
Caesarians control rome
Conspirators try to recruit an army
Have a mint, could make your own coins
The figures on the front of these 2 is the personification of Liberty= a goddess
Veiled= has relifious connotations
Cassius’s name on coin, means he minted this coin
The staff ceremonial carried around
A ceremonial jug
Lictors on coin at left
Idea= Brutus and Cassius tried to legitimate themselves via coinage
Were very religious
We adhere to religion
Bottom left coin= other propaganda coins (because has their face on it)
Coin advertising Brutus as IMP (gives right to lead troops in battle etc.)
Person who held imperium was called the imperator (base root of word for emperor)
Idea= he was legitimate commander
The backside of coin= trophy
Bottom right= another Brutus image
Eyes of march
Daggers= famous for their assassination
Practical= neede to mint money to pay troops
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Soon after the funeral
He and Octavian and Marcus Lepidus? (one of Caesars old generals, a senior guy)
Formed a three-man commission to try to restabilize the republic
1 was in exile
2nd triumvirate moddleed upon 1st triumvirate (Caesar, Pompey and the 3rd one)