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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - Mesopotamia

3 Pages
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Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA160H1
Professor
Jacqueline Brunning

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January 12
Lecture #2, CLA160
Ancient Mesopotamia
Hammurabis law code:
-penalties for killing someones daughter:
oif an equals daughter, your daughter is killed
oif a commoner’s, pay ½ mina
oif a slaves, 1/3 mina
Sumer = lower region of Mesopotamia
Akkadia = just above Sumer
Chronology
-BP = before present
onon-religious, though not practical (would change every year)
-BC/BCE (before Christ; before common era)
-AD/CE (in the year of our Lord; common era)
-cf. Greek Olympiads, Roman consuls
oOlympiad = 4 year period
oconsuls = 2 consuls who were in charge for a particular year position held for one
year only
-Julian” calendar
oour calendar is basically the same as the one established by Julius Caser
opreviously, Romans were using an in accurate 12 month calendar after a few years,
it would be entirely off and they would create a few extra months to fill in the gap
*throughout history, there have been multiple methods of measuring time
Big Picture
-home sapiens
okind of human
obeen around for 100,000 years
oonly about 10% of their existence have been during the time of the agricultural
revolution
agricultural revolution took place during the Neolithic period/9K BC
Civilization
-after agricultural revolution, humans are able to cultivate plants and domesticate animals
oleads them to become non-nomadic
and as such being to own property/buildings/cities [ca. 3000BC]
-[once property/buildings are established, it is a slippery slope to war, malnutrition, and
disease other states will want to acquire property of other states]
-specialized skills, economy
www.notesolution.com

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Description
January 12 Lecture #2, CLA160 Ancient Mesopotamia Hammurabis law code: - penalties for killing someones daughter: o if an equals daughter, your daughter is killed o if a commoners, pay mina o if a slaves, 13 mina Sumer = lower region of Mesopotamia Akkadia = just above Sumer Chronology - BP = before present o non-religious, though not practical (would change every year) - BCBCE (before Christ; before common era) - ADCE (in the year of our Lord; common era) - cf. Greek Olympiads, Roman consuls o Olympiad = 4 year period o consuls = 2 consuls who were in charge for a particular year position held for one year only - Julian calendar o our calendar is basically the same as the one established by Julius Caser o previously, Romans were using an in accurate 12 month calendar after a few years,
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