Lecture 4

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Published on 20 Jul 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Classics
Course
CLA201H1
Lec 4
Review of terms:
-Base: core element, in Grk. or Lat., from which a term comes
-Prefix: an element that comes before a base
-Suffix: an element that comes after a base
-Interconnecting vowel: a vowel, often o or ‘i, used to connect bases
-Compound word: a word composed of more than one base
-Coordinate compound: when two or more words of equal rank are linked together
-Subordinate compound: a word where the several components are not of equal rank
and in which it is evident that the first element of each word qualifies the second
element
-Breaking up a word:
oOphthalmoplegia
oOPHTHALM/o/PLEG/ia
oEye/paralysis/state of state of paralysis of the eye
Diminutive suffixes:
- -ium, -ion = little
oBACTER/ium = little rod
oPOD/ium = little foot
- -(i)dium, -(i)dion = little
oCONI/dium = little piece of dust
oBAS/idium = little piece of base
- -arium, -arion = little
oCON/arium = small cone-shaped thing
oHIPP/arion = small horse-like animal
- -isk, -iscus = little
oASTER/isk = small star
oMEN/iscus = small crescent-shaped body
Ch.9
- -oma
oNote: if oma is followed by an additional element, it becomes –omat- ;
The alternative form of bases ending in ma (e.g., STOMA-,
STOMAT-) shows a similar pattern
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Document Summary

Base: core element, in grk. or lat. , from which a term comes. Prefix: an element that comes before a base. Suffix : an element that comes after a base. Compound word: a word composed of more than one base. Coordinate compound: when two or more words of equal rank are linked together. Subordinate compound: a word where the several components are not of equal rank. Interconnecting vowel: a vowel, often o" or i," used to connect bases and in which it is evident that the first element of each word qualifies the second element. Breaking up a word: ophthalmoplegia, ophthalm /o/pleg /ia, eye/paralysis/state of  state of paralysis of the eye". Ium, -ion = little: bacter/ium = little rod, pod/ium = little foot. (i)dium, -(i)dion = little: coni/dium = little piece of dust, bas/idium = little piece of base. Arium, -arion = little: con/arium = small cone-shaped thing, hipp/arion = small horse-like animal.