CLA201 Greek Unit 3

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16 Mar 2012
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CLA201 H1S GREEK UNIT 3
(Greek Numerals pp 145-146 & A- pp 148-151)
hen = 1, protos = 1st, e.g. hendiadys, proton, prototype
dyo = 2, deuteros/a/on = 2nd, e.g. dyad, deuterium (2H), deuteronomy
(cf. Prefix di- p 136 = twice)
treis, tria = 3, tritos/e/on = 3rd, e.g. tripod, trigonometry, tritium (3H)
tettara = 4, tetartos/e/on = 4th, e.g. tetrahedron (NB Mod Gk = tessara, -tt- Attic)
pente = 5, e.g. pentagon
hex = 6, cf. L sex, e.g. hexagon
hepta = 7, cf. L septem, e.g. heptagon
okto = 8, e.g. octagon, octopus
ennea = 9, e.g. ennead, enneagon
deka = 10, e.g. decagon, triskaidekaphobia
hendeka = 11, dodeka = 12, e.g. dodecahedron
hekaton = 100, e.g. hectogram
chilioi/ai/a = 1000, e.g. kilometre
myrioi/ai/a = 10,000, e.g. myriad
ALPHA
Achilleus = Greek hero vulnerable only in heel
adelphē = sister, adelphos = brother, e.g. Philadelphia
adēn/adenos AΔHN = gland, e.g. adenoid
aēr AHP = air, e.g. air, aerodynamics
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