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Lecture

January 26 Lecture

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Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA204H1
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D.Sells

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CLA204 January 26, 2011 The OlympiansLecture 3
Male Deities Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Apollo, Hermes, Hephaestus, Ares, Dionysus
Female Deities Hera, the Muses, Aphrodite, Demeter, Artemis, Athena
Zeus
-supreme god, god of sky (near eastern analogues), thunderbolt is main weapon
-depiction: main in his prime, animals: bull and eagle
-upholder of justice, amorous objects of zeus affection are often negatively affected, many identities
-responsible for decline of humanity, but also attributed to the creation of humanity
-creation and destruction works and days
-gives birth to faiths, graces and muses; females that impose order on the universe, oppressive nature
-model of proper Greek male, adultery issues represent their issues
-God of Justice
-marriage with Themis (all thats established): creates Seasons and Fates
-wrathful; upholds all this is sacred and moral; Zeus Xenios
-depicted with thunder and lightning, his powers; but he is vulnerable
-his authority is not supreme, always subjects to Fates and the rules of the universe
-Aphrodite uses powers on Zeus (his daughter)
-Homer (Iliad 1) hints at near successful revolution which was being planned against Zeus by the other
gods, led by Hera
-Demeter forces Zeus to yield to her demands for the return of her daughter, Demeter
-Zeus needs Prometheus secret, so he must let him go, subject to the oracles
-death of his son, Sarpedon, at Troy (decides not to save him, although he can) knows he should abide by
some rules
Poseidon
-Neptune in Roman myth, carries trident, symbol of his power; ocean equivalent of Zeus thunderbolt
-depicted at the prime of his life
-god of sea and earthquakes
-attributes; beard, trident, often naked from the waist, up, flowing hair
-married to Amphitrite, known as an angry god
-associated with bulls and horses
-impregnated Medusa, fought with Athena for patronage of Athens in its early mythological history
-Medusas head is cut off, Pegasus emerges from her neck
Hades
-god of the underworld, kidnaps and marries Persephone (daughter of Demeter)
-lord of the dead, powerful unnatural force
-5 rivers of the underworld; Styx, Acheron, Lethe, Cocytus, Phlegethon
-individuals in Hades; guarded by Cerberus, 3 judges Mynos (King of Crete), Radymanthes, Iachus;
judges determined how life would be lived in the underworld, Furies punish particularly bad crimes
(crimes against relatives)
-helmet of Hades makes him invisible, god of wealth coins, gold etc. come from earth (mostly
geological)
Apollo
-god of music, poetry, plague, prophecy
-characteristically Greek, born on Delos, to Leto (a titan) Delos; sacred to Apollo
-frustrated lover; Sybil, Cassandra, Daphne, Coronis (mother of Asclepius), Hyacinthus
-vengeful; kills Marsyas (satyr), children of Niope
-contradictory god; restrained yet passionate associated with order and behaviour; meden agan
-founded Delphic oracle
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Description
CLA204 January 26, 2011 The Olympians Lecture 3 Male Deities Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Apollo, Hermes, Hephaestus, Ares, Dionysus Female Deities Hera, the Muses, Aphrodite, Demeter, Artemis, Athena Zeus -supreme god, god of sky (near eastern analogues), thunderbolt is main weapon -depiction: main in his prime, animals: bull and eagle -upholder of justice, amorous objects of zeus affection are often negatively affected, many identities -responsible for decline of humanity, but also attributed to the creation of humanity -creation and destruction works and days -gives birth to faiths, graces and muses; females that impose order on the universe, oppressive nature -model of proper Greek male, adultery issues represent their issues -God of Justice -marriage with Themis (all thats established): creates Seasons and Fates -wrathful; upholds all this is sacred and moral; Zeus Xenios -depicted with thunder and lightning, his powers; but he is vulnerable -his authority is not supreme, always subjects to Fates and the rules of the universe -Aphrodite uses powers on Zeus (his daughter) -Homer (Iliad 1) hints at near successful revolution which was being planned against Zeus by the other gods, led by Hera -Demeter forces Zeus to yield to her demands for the return of her daughter, Demeter -Zeus needs Prometheus secret, so he must let him go, subject to the oracles -death of his son, Sarpedon, at Troy (decides not to save him, although he can) knows he should abide by some rules Poseidon -Neptune in Roman myth, carries trident, symbol of his power; ocean equivalent of Zeus thunderbolt -depicted at the prime of his life -god of sea and earthquakes -attributes; beard, trident, often naked from the waist, up, flowing hair -married to Amphitrite, known as an angry god -associated with bulls and horses -impregnated Medusa, fought with Athena for patronage of Athens in its early mythological history -Medusas head is cut off, Pegasus emerges from her neck Hades -god of the underworld, kidnaps and marries Persephone (daughter of Demeter) -lord of the dead, powerful unnatural force -5 rivers of the underworld; Styx, Acheron, Lethe, Cocytus, Phlegethon -individuals in Hades; guarded by Cerberus, 3 judges Mynos (King of Crete), Radymanthes, Iachus; judges determined how life would be lived in the underworld, Furies punish particularly bad crimes (crimes against relatives) -helmet of Hades makes him invisible, god of wealth coins, gold etc. come from earth (mostly geological) Apollo -god of music, poetry, plague, prophecy -characteristically Greek, born on Delos, to Leto (a titan) Delos; sacred to Apollo -frustrated lover; Sybil, Cassandra, Daphne, Coronis (mother of Asclepius), Hyacinthus -vengeful; kills Marsyas (satyr), children of Niope -contradictory god; restrained yet passionate associated with order and behaviour; meden agan -founded Delphic oracle www.notesolution.com
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