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Lecture

Lecture 3


Department
Classics
Course Code
CLA204H1
Professor
E.Barbiero

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CLA204 Lecture 3 May 20
Panhellenic all Greek, pervasively Greek
ïäïthens
or Sparta. They were never a unified geographic entity until the 130s BC. Greece was
never really Greece until then, it was just a series of city states that recognized that
they had a common heritage and spoke a common language.
x Hesiod collected the traditional folktales and put them together and gave
them a geneology
x ïá
x All literature influenced other literature. The writers want to show the reader
that they have read everything
x Mnemostheny means memory memory is important in the ancient world
ïä
would have to write on very expensive materials. They had to memorize
poems. They would memorize Homer! There were no libraries until the
Hellenistic age
x From dark age > archaic age. Lines of communication all of a sudden open,
Phoenicians are travelling around (probably how the alphabet came to the
greeks)
x The texts have been copied millions of times so that leaves a million chances
for changes to the texts. There are different interpretations.
The Olympians
x Zeus is called Jupiter
x Hera called juno
x Poseidon called Neptune
x Demeter
x Hestia or Dionysus
x Aphrodite
x Apollo
x Artemis
x Hephaestus
x Hermes
x Ares
x Athena
x Hades is not considered one because he lives underneath the earth
x Organization of the Olympians into a society that reflects that of the humans
Homer and Hesiod made this happen
x The gods drink nectar and eat ambrosia
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x They have ickor? in their veins
x They suffer physical and emotional pain
x áï
Zeus
x Dispater where Jupiter comes from
x Di where zeus comes from
x King of heaven, strongest, wisest
x Epithets and cult names of the gods òó
is a description attached to the name of the gods. Mnemonic devices that
come from poetry (poetry is in meters, and in order to keep the meter a
å
x Temple to Jupiter Maximus
x Maximus Opemeus the greatest, most superlative
x Gods come in different incarnations ex: Zeus had a cult site at Dodona and
Olympia
x There is one Zeus but different personalities, diff spheres of influence. He has
different roles
x The myths contain all the variants of them
x You could interpret it however you wanted since it was religious?
x Epigraphy / inscription (latin) any kind of writing on a permanent material
(stone)
x Zeus & Justice, which is defined by dike. he protects dike
x Victory of justice over barbarism (uncivilized)
x He also protects xenia (hospitality) need to feed, shelter, provide
entertainment, give a gift. Reciprocal relationship. This is ancestral (if your
grandfather was treated nicely then you have to treat them nicely later)
x Breaking xenia gives rise to the Trojan war
x Zeus raped Gandymede (swooped down and took him, G became cup bearer
for the gods)
x Catamite someone that submits to anal penetration
x Catamitus = latin, the way the early romans said it
Hera
x Goddess of marriage and the family, always persecuting the affairs of zeus.
She protects monogamy.
x Associated with the cow and city-áï
x Her children are few for a goddess of motherhood/family
x Greeks could divorce but it would be problematic to divorce a goddess, it
would cause trouble
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