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Lecture 3

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CLA204 Lecture 3 May 20
Panhellenic all Greek, pervasively Greek
or Sparta. They were never a unified geographic entity until the 130s BC. Greece was
never really Greece until then, it was just a series of city states that recognized that
they had a common heritage and spoke a common language.
x Hesiod collected the traditional folktales and put them together and gave
them a geneology
x ïá
x All literature influenced other literature. The writers want to show the reader
that they have read everything
x Mnemostheny means memory memory is important in the ancient world
would have to write on very expensive materials. They had to memorize
poems. They would memorize Homer! There were no libraries until the
Hellenistic age
x From dark age > archaic age. Lines of communication all of a sudden open,
Phoenicians are travelling around (probably how the alphabet came to the
x The texts have been copied millions of times so that leaves a million chances
for changes to the texts. There are different interpretations.
The Olympians
x Zeus is called Jupiter
x Hera called juno
x Poseidon called Neptune
x Demeter
x Hestia or Dionysus
x Aphrodite
x Apollo
x Artemis
x Hephaestus
x Hermes
x Ares
x Athena
x Hades is not considered one because he lives underneath the earth
x Organization of the Olympians into a society that reflects that of the humans
Homer and Hesiod made this happen
x The gods drink nectar and eat ambrosia
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x They have ickor? in their veins
x They suffer physical and emotional pain
x áï
x Dispater where Jupiter comes from
x Di where zeus comes from
x King of heaven, strongest, wisest
x Epithets and cult names of the gods òó
is a description attached to the name of the gods. Mnemonic devices that
come from poetry (poetry is in meters, and in order to keep the meter a
x Temple to Jupiter Maximus
x Maximus Opemeus the greatest, most superlative
x Gods come in different incarnations ex: Zeus had a cult site at Dodona and
x There is one Zeus but different personalities, diff spheres of influence. He has
different roles
x The myths contain all the variants of them
x You could interpret it however you wanted since it was religious?
x Epigraphy / inscription (latin) any kind of writing on a permanent material
x Zeus & Justice, which is defined by dike. he protects dike
x Victory of justice over barbarism (uncivilized)
x He also protects xenia (hospitality) need to feed, shelter, provide
entertainment, give a gift. Reciprocal relationship. This is ancestral (if your
grandfather was treated nicely then you have to treat them nicely later)
x Breaking xenia gives rise to the Trojan war
x Zeus raped Gandymede (swooped down and took him, G became cup bearer
for the gods)
x Catamite someone that submits to anal penetration
x Catamitus = latin, the way the early romans said it
x Goddess of marriage and the family, always persecuting the affairs of zeus.
She protects monogamy.
x Associated with the cow and city-áï
x Her children are few for a goddess of motherhood/family
x Greeks could divorce but it would be problematic to divorce a goddess, it
would cause trouble
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