CLA204H1 - Lecture 11 - Apollo.docx

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26 Feb 2013
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CLA204H1 Lecture 11 Apollo
Wednesday, January 30, 2013
1) Artemis and the Amazons
2) Apollo
- NB oppression present in monogamous relationships represents oppression of social world
- Many theories use Greek myths fro supportive evidence
- NB:
o Artemis virgin goddess
o Apollo unfortunate god; subjected to love (?)
- Hippolytus’ devotion to Artemis has close connection to the Amazons + his mother (who died before he = born)
The Amazons
- Located somewhere in Asia Minor
o Geographic location depicts their symbolic location
- Boundary creatures, hostile to marriage
- Like the Centaurs, involved in the myths told about both Heracles and Theseus
o All myths concerning Amazons = similar to Centaur myths
Tend to be represented together
Centaurs half-men, half-horses; all males (in Greek myth); reject marriage, misuse/ill-treatment
of opposite sex
Amazons often depicted riding their horses
o Mythical queen of Amazons: Hippolyta/Antiope
o Imp myth they’re associated with = Heracles + Theseus
- Hybrid in the sense of sharing both male and female attributes
- Fight on the side of the Trojans against the Greeks and Achilles during the Trojan War
- Penthesilea killed in combat by Achilles, who fell in love with her as she died (Thersites mocks Achilles’
passion and is killed)
o Myth: Trojan War
Amazons side with Trojans
Queen = Penthesilea, who = killed by Achilles
Achilles falls in love with her just as he strikes + kills her
o Thersites mocks him for falling in love with Amazon queen Achilles kills him
- Heracles to win the girdle of the Amazons’ queen (?Antiope, Hippolyta, Melanippe)
o Myth: Heracles must go to Amazon to get Amazon’s girdle
NB girdle symbolizes virginity
Heracles stealing girdle = cause of Amazonomachy
- Theseus to abduct Antiope/Hippolyta and marry her the Amazonomachy
o Myth: Theseus abducts Hippolyta/Antiope + brings her to Athens
Antiope gives birth + eventually disappears (dies in war against Athenian people)
Reason for leaving: the Amazons fight Athenians after queen = abducted the
Amazonomachy
o Battle between civilized + barbarians
Antiope = killed: either by Theseus/one of Amazon warriors (by accident?)
o 2 diff causes of Amazonomachy
- Confrontation between Greeks (civilized) + uncivilized (Amazons)
- The Amazons worship Ares and Artemis
o Amazons associated with Artemis
Reproduction keep man only when they want to reproduces keep girls, kill sons
Worship Ares (NB he = placed outside of civilization (i.e., outside of Athens), in Thrace)
2 opposing models of womanhood +
masculinity that don’t interact appropriately
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2
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o Meeting of eyes in vase paintings: figures = falling in love
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o Antiope killed by Theseus
Her clothing: trousers, often associated with Amazons
Amazons often represented in clothing of Artemis, but then represented in Persian dresses
(trousers)
-
o An Amazon depicted as Artemis
- The Centaurs are sometimes said to originate from Apollo
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Document Summary

Wednesday, january 30, 2013: artemis and the amazons, apollo. Nb oppression present in monogamous relationships represents oppression of social world. Many theories use greek myths fro supportive evidence. Nb: artemis virgin goddess, apollo unfortunate god; subjected to love (?) 2 opposing models of womanhood + masculinity that don"t interact appropriately. Hippolytus" devotion to artemis has close connection to the amazons + his mother (who died before he = born) Located somewhere in asia minor: geographic location depicts their symbolic location. Like the centaurs, involved in the myths told about both heracles and theseus: all myths concerning amazons = similar to centaur myths. Centaurs half-men, half-horses; all males (in greek myth); reject marriage, misuse/ill-treatment of opposite sex. Amazons often depicted riding their horses: mythical queen of amazons: hippolyta/antiope. Imp myth they"re associated with = heracles + theseus. Hybrid in the sense of sharing both male and female attributes.

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